teterosexual transmission accounts for the fastest growing risk group of people with HIV/AIDS and is the chief mode of aafection among women in the United States. Research has shown that there is a continued low rate of condom use among heterosexuals in established relationships. Young adult crack/cocaine and heroin abusing patients and their primary sexual partners rank among those at highest risk for heterosexual HIV/STI transmission. A growing body of research, including recent randomized clinical trials, has found that couple-based approaches to HIV risk reduction are efficacious in increasing condom Ise. Fhe proposed study will rigorously test the efficacy of a couple-based HIV/STI prevention intervention to increase condom use and reduce sexually transmitted infections (STIs) among heroin or crack/cocaine abusing, outpatient drug treatment or methadone maintenance patients, aged 18-35, and their main heterosexual partners, who are both HIV negative and report risk of sexually-acquired HIV. This study will enroll 450 index participants, aged 18 to 35, who will be recruited from an MMTP or outpatient drug treatment program for crack/cocaine and/or heroin abuse, and their main heterosexual partners and who will report having had unprotected sex and at least one risk factor for HIV in the past 90 days. The index participants and their main heterosexual partners will be randomized to one of three conditions: a 7-session couple-based HIV/STI risk reduction intervention (CSTI) provided to the index participant and her/his main partner; a 7-session couple-based stress reduction Lntervention (CSR) provided to the index participant and her/his main partner, which will serve as a attention control condition; ar a 7-session individual H1V/STI risk reduction intervention (ISTI) provided to the index participant alone, which will serve _s a comparison condition. Dr. E1-Bassel, the Social Intervention Group Behavioral Studies at the NY State Psychiatric the study: Dr. Steinglass from the Ackerman Angeles, Dr. Sharp from St. Luke's Hospital tt the University of Buffalo.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)
Research Project (R01)
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Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZRG1-BSPH (02))
Program Officer
Crump, Aria
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Columbia University (N.Y.)
Other Health Professions
Schools of Social Work
New York
United States
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Jiwatram-Negrón, Tina; El-Bassel, Nabila (2018) Overlapping intimate partner violence and sex trading among high-risk women: Implications for practice. Women Health :1-15
Muchomba, Felix M; Chan, Christine; El-Bassel, Nabila (2015) Importance of Women's Relative Socioeconomic Status within Sexual Relationships in Communication about Safer Sex and HIV/STI Prevention. J Urban Health 92:559-71
Jiwatram-Negrón, Tina; El-Bassel, Nabila (2015) Correlates of Sex Trading among Drug-Involved Women in Committed Intimate Relationships: A Risk Profile. Womens Health Issues 25:420-8
El-Bassel, Nabila; Gilbert, Louisa; Wu, Elwin et al. (2011) Couple-based HIV prevention for low-income drug users from New York City: a randomized controlled trial to reduce dual risks. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 58:198-206