Despite a wide array of HIV prevention approaches and related research, there is a decade-long trend of 40,000 new HIV diagnoses per year in the U.S. (CDC, 2004; Copenhaver & Fisher, in press). Injection drug users (IDUs) remain a target population as they represent a significant vector for the transmission of new HIV infections (Avants et al., 2004; Margolin et al., 2003), which occur through preventable drug- and sex- related HIV risk behaviors. A number of evidence-based HIV risk reduction interventions are now widely available as complete intervention packages. However, very few evidence-based interventions have been designed for implementation within common drug treatment CBOs, such as methadone maintenance programs (MMPs), where many high-risk drug users seek treatment. Moreover, based on analogous efforts to disseminate evidence-based behavioral interventions for treating drug dependence (Morgenstern et al., 2001; Institute of Medicine, 1998), the few evidence-based interventions that are applicable to drug treatment CBOs are not designed to be """"""""community-friendly"""""""" and are therefore unlikely to be implemented as intended or durable within these critical settings. Our team of investigators has developed a significantly shortened, community-friendly, version of the comprehensive evidence-based Holistic Health Recovery Program (HHRP; Avants et al., 2004; Margolin et al., 2003). The shortened version, the Community-friendly Health Recovery Program (CHRP), has demonstrated feasibility and acceptability as well as preliminary evidence of effectiveness in an uncontrolled study within a resource-limited drug treatment CBO (Copenhaver et al., in press; see Appendix). In this revised R01 application, we propose to evaluate CHRP in a randomized controlled trial (RCT). If found to be effective in the proposed trial, CHRP has the potential to be fully integrated, as designed, within many other resource-limited CBOs where large numbers of high risk drug users participate in drug treatment. ? ? ?

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)
Research Project (R01)
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Study Section
Behavioral and Social Science Approaches to Preventing HIV/AIDS Study Section (BSPH)
Program Officer
Grossman, Debra
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University of Connecticut
Schools of Arts and Sciences
United States
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Huedo-Medina, Tania B; Shrestha, Roman; Copenhaver, Michael (2016) Modeling a Theory-Based Approach to Examine the Influence of Neurocognitive Impairment on HIV Risk Reduction Behaviors Among Drug Users in Treatment. AIDS Behav 20:1646-57
Copenhaver, Michael; Shrestha, Roman; Wickersham, Jeffrey A et al. (2016) An Exploratory Factor Analysis of a Brief Self-Report Scale to Detect Neurocognitive Impairment Among Participants Enrolled in Methadone Maintenance Therapy. J Subst Abuse Treat 63:61-5
Shrestha, Roman; Huedo-Medina, Tania B; Copenhaver, Michael M (2015) Sex-Related Differences in Self-Reported Neurocognitive Impairment among High-Risk Cocaine Users in Methadone Maintenance Treatment Program. Subst Abuse 9:17-24
Earnshaw, Valerie; Smith, Laramie; Copenhaver, Michael (2013) Drug Addiction Stigma in the Context of Methadone Maintenance Therapy: An Investigation into Understudied Sources of Stigma. Int J Ment Health Addict 11:110-122
Copenhaver, Michael M; Lee, I-Ching; Baldwin, Patrick (2013) A randomized controlled trial of the community-friendly health recovery program (CHRP) among high-risk drug users in treatment. AIDS Behav 17:2902-13
Matusow, Harlan; Dickman, Samuel L; Rich, Josiah D et al. (2013) Medication assisted treatment in US drug courts: results from a nationwide survey of availability, barriers and attitudes. J Subst Abuse Treat 44:473-80
Earnshaw, Valerie A; Smith, Laramie R; Chaudoir, Stephenie R et al. (2012) Stereotypes about people living with HIV: implications for perceptions of HIV risk and testing frequency among at-risk populations. AIDS Educ Prev 24:574-81