Theory has posited that discrepancies in acculturation between Hispanic adolescents and their parents are associated with conduct problems, drug/alcohol use, and sexual risk taking. These discrepancies may also be associated with compromised levels of positive development. These effects are assumed to occur via poor family functioning. However, empirical tests of the differential acculturation hypothesis have yielded inconsistent results. The proposed study will use a multidimensional model of acculturation - including behaviors, values, and identifications - and will use state-of-the-art latent variable methods to examine parent-adolescent discrepancies in acculturation and their effects on behavioral outcomes through family functioning. 300 Hispanic adolescents and their primary parents will be randomly selected from six public high schools in Miami and from six public high schools in Los Angeles. Adolescents and parents will be assessed twice per year between 9th and 12th grade. Parents and adolescents will complete measures of Hispanic and American cultural behaviors, values, and identifications;family functioning;and adolescent behavior. Adolescents will report on their drug use, sexual behavior, and indices of thriving (prosocial behavior, school grades, and positive attitudes and traits). The results will inform theory regarding the extent to which discrepancies in acculturation lead to compromised family functioning in Hispanic families, and the extent to which these problems in family functioning are associated with conduct problems, drug/alcohol use, sexual risk taking, and impaired thriving. The results will also be important regarding the need to incorporate cultural concerns into efforts to prevent problems and to promote positive development in Hispanic adolescents and families.
The proposed study will examine the ways in which recent-immigrant Hispanic families acculturate to the United States. Specifically, we will examine how the development of cultural differences between Hispanic immigrant parents and adolescents are associated with behavior problems, drug and alcohol use, and sexual risk taking - and with lowered levels of positive development (grades, positive behavior, caring, et cetera) - through family problems. Provided that our hypotheses are supported, this will suggest that family strengthening interventions may be important for Hispanic immigrant families - a sizeable and rapidly growing segment of the U.S. population.
|Davis, Alexandra N; Carlo, Gustavo; Streit, Cara et al. (2018) Longitudinal Associations between Maternal Involvement, Cultural Orientations, and Prosocial Behaviors Among Recent Immigrant Latino Adolescents. J Youth Adolesc 47:460-472|
|Moise, Rhoda K; Meca, Alan; Schwartz, Seth J et al. (2018) The use of cultural identity in predicting health lifestyle behaviors in Latinx immigrant adolescents. Cultur Divers Ethnic Minor Psychol :|
|Gonzales-Backen, Melinda A; Meca, Alan; Lorenzo-Blanco, Elma I et al. (2018) Examining the temporal order of ethnic identity and perceived discrimination among Hispanic immigrant adolescents. Dev Psychol 54:929-937|
|Lorenzo-Blanco, Elma I; Meca, Alan; Piña-Watson, Brandy et al. (2017) Longitudinal Trajectories of Family Functioning Among Recent Immigrant Adolescents and Parents: Links With Adolescent and Parent Cultural Stress, Emotional Well-Being, and Behavioral Health. Child Dev :|
|Lorenzo-Blanco, Elma I; Meca, Alan; Unger, Jennifer B et al. (2017) Longitudinal Effects of Latino Parent Cultural Stress, Depressive Symptoms, and Family Functioning on Youth Emotional Well-Being and Health Risk Behaviors. Fam Process 56:981-996|
|Schwartz, Seth J; Unger, Jennifer B; Meca, Alan et al. (2017) Personal Identity Development in Hispanic Immigrant Adolescents: Links with Positive Psychosocial Functioning, Depressive Symptoms, and Externalizing Problems. J Youth Adolesc 46:898-913|
|Meca, Alan; Sabet, Raha F; Farrelly, Colleen M et al. (2017) Personal and cultural identity development in recently immigrated Hispanic adolescents: Links with psychosocial functioning. Cultur Divers Ethnic Minor Psychol 23:348-361|
|Schwartz, Seth J; Unger, Jennifer B; Meca, Alan et al. (2017) Erratum to: Personal Identity Development in Hispanic Immigrant Adolescents: Links with Positive Psychosocial Functioning, Depressive Symptoms, and Externalizing Problems. J Youth Adolesc 46:914-915|
|Córdova, David; Schwartz, Seth J; Unger, Jennifer B et al. (2016) A Longitudinal Test of the Parent-Adolescent Family Functioning Discrepancy Hypothesis: A Trend toward Increased HIV Risk Behaviors Among Immigrant Hispanic Adolescents. J Youth Adolesc 45:2164-77|
|Davis, Alexandra N; Carlo, Gustavo; Schwartz, Seth J et al. (2016) The Longitudinal Associations Between Discrimination, Depressive Symptoms, and Prosocial Behaviors in U.S. Latino/a Recent Immigrant Adolescents. J Youth Adolesc 45:457-70|
Showing the most recent 10 out of 30 publications