Aims of this secondary data analysis study focus on the long-term effects of child maltreatment and other forms of family adversity on adult substance use behaviors (e.g., tobacco use, binge drinking, marijuana use, substance abuse risk) and mental health problems (e.g., depression and anxiety symptoms and disorders). Comprehensive data on these and other constructs were collected at our most recent adult follow-up of the Lehigh Longitudinal Study sample (completed July, 2010, R01HD049767, T. Herrenkohl, PI). Earlier data on child maltreatment and related risk and protective factors were collected from this sample at three prior waves of the study, which covered a 15-year period, beginning in 1976-1977 when child participants were preschoolers, 18 months to 6 years of age. A second, school-age, assessment was completed in 1980-1982, and a third, adolescent assessment, in 1990-1992. Data from these earlier waves of the study were drawn from multiple sources, including child welfare case records, birth records, observations of parents and children, school records, and parent and child surveys. From child welfare records and parent self-reports, we acquired detailed information on substantiated child abuse and neglect as well as parents'severe and abusive disciplining practices. Data from parents and child participants also provide information on children's exposure to domestic violence, as well as stresses experienced by families. Data collected later, during adolescence and adulthood, provide detailed accounts of the psychosocial adjustment and well-being of participants and their families at later life stages, ongoing experiences of abuse and victimization, and sources of protection and resilience. All covered topics in this application have enormous public health significance, yet remain understudied using longitudinal data. Investigators of our two collaborating research teams have considerable expertise in the proposed content areas, extensive knowledge of this unique dataset, and an impressive record of funded research and publications related to the proposed aims.

Public Health Relevance

The proposed study investigates the long-term effects of child maltreatment, childhood exposure to domestic violence, and later-occurring victimization and stresses. Findings are critical to service providers and policy makers who focus on vulnerable populations.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)
Research Project (R01)
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Special Emphasis Panel (ZRG1-PSE-G (55))
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Weinberg, Naimah Z
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University of Washington
Schools of Social Work
United States
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Sousa, Cindy; Mason, W Alex; Herrenkohl, Todd I et al. (2018) Direct and indirect effects of child abuse and environmental stress: A lifecourse perspective on adversity and depressive symptoms. Am J Orthopsychiatry 88:180-188
Alex Mason, W; Jean Russo, M; Chmelka, Mary B et al. (2017) Parent and peer pathways linking childhood experiences of abuse with marijuana use in adolescence and adulthood. Addict Behav 66:70-75
Skinner, Martie L; Kristman-Valente, Allison N; Herrenkohl, Todd I (2016) Adult Binge Drinking: Childhood Sexual Abuse, Gender and the Role of Adolescent Alcohol-Related Experiences. Alcohol Alcohol 51:136-41
Skinner, Martie L; Hong, Seunghye; Herrenkohl, Todd I et al. (2016) Longitudinal Effects of Early Childhood Maltreatment on Co-Occurring Substance Misuse and Mental Health Problems in Adulthood: The Role of Adolescent Alcohol Use and Depression. J Stud Alcohol Drugs 77:464-72
Kristman-Valente, Allison N; Brown, Eric C; Herrenkohl, Todd I (2013) Child physical and sexual abuse and cigarette smoking in adolescence and adulthood. J Adolesc Health 53:533-8
Klika, J Bart; Herrenkohl, Todd I; Lee, Jungeun Olivia (2013) School factors as moderators of the relationship between physical child abuse and pathways of antisocial behavior. J Interpers Violence 28:852-67
Herrenkohl, Todd I; Hong, Seunghye; Klika, J Bart et al. (2013) Developmental Impacts of Child Abuse and Neglect Related to Adult Mental Health, Substance Use, and Physical Health. J Fam Violence 28:
Herrenkohl, Todd I; Klika, J Bart; Herrenkohl, Roy C et al. (2012) A prospective investigation of the relationship between child maltreatment and indicators of adult psychological well-being. Violence Vict 27:764-76