This proposal seeks to investigate the nature and neurological organization of language-based communicative capacities. It continues the investigator's long-standing aim to provide a detailed functional analysis of language processing in real-time. Studies are aimed at discovering how language comprehension is organized in the brain at the lexical, sentential (structural), and discourse levels. Normal and aberrant processing is examined at each level with consideration of effects of aberrant processing at one level on another. Ten series of experiments are proposed, two at the lexical level, five at the sentential level, and three at the discourse level. These studies are designed to provide a window on a wide range of language processes and how they interact and support one another (or fail to). The guiding hypothesis is that focal brain damage can disentangle cognitive subsystems that normally are inextricably intertwined by examining on-line moment by moment changes in activation, usually of lexical items, under manipulation of differing lexical, structural, or discourse factors.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders (NIDCD)
Research Project (R01)
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Special Emphasis Panel (ZRG2-HUD-3 (03))
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University of California San Diego
Schools of Arts and Sciences
La Jolla
United States
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de Goede, Dieuwke; Shapiro, Lewis P; Wester, Femke et al. (2009) The time course of verb processing in Dutch sentences. J Psycholinguist Res 38:181-99
Love, Tracy; Swinney, David; Walenski, Matthew et al. (2008) How left inferior frontal cortex participates in syntactic processing: Evidence from aphasia. Brain Lang 107:203-19
Swinney, David; Love, Tracy; Walenski, Matthew et al. (2007) Conceptual combination during sentence comprehension: evidence for compositional processes. Psychol Sci 18:397-400
Love, Tracy E (2007) The processing of non-canonically ordered constituents in long distance dependencies by pre-school children: a real-time investigation. J Psycholinguist Res 36:191-206
Love, Tracy; Haist, Frank; Nicol, Janet et al. (2006) A functional neuroimaging investigation of the roles of structural complexity and task-demand during auditory sentence processing. Cortex 42:577-90
Nicol, Janet; Swinney, David; Love, Tracy et al. (2006) The on-line study of sentence comprehension: an examination of dual task paradigms. J Psycholinguist Res 35:215-31
Archer, Johanna S; Love-Geffen, Tracy E; Herbst-Damm, Kathryn L et al. (2006) Effect of estradiol versus estradiol and testosterone on brain-activation patterns in postmenopausal women. Menopause 13:528-37
Ullman, Michael T; Pancheva, Roumyana; Love, Tracy et al. (2005) Neural correlates of lexicon and grammar: evidence from the production, reading, and judgment of inflection in aphasia. Brain Lang 93:185-238; discussion 239-42
Friedmann, Naama; Shapiro, Lewis P (2003) Agrammatic comprehension of simple active sentences with moved constituents: Hebrew OSV and OVS structures. J Speech Lang Hear Res 46:288-97
Walenski, Matthew (2003) Two predictions of a compound cue model of priming. J Psycholinguist Res 32:517-24

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