This project addresses the relationship between 'normal'token-to-token variability in the production of phonetic units and tokens that can be characterized as containing 'errors.'Traditionally, speech errors are thought to occur when speakers produce something that was not intended through a categorical mis-selection of units during planning (e.g., 'fonal phonology'for 'tonal phonology'). Systematic studies of such sublexical errors have been largely carried out using phonetic transcription without any investigation of speech articulator activity. Conversely, studies of speech kinematics (and its variability) typically exclude tokens that are perceived as containing 'errors.'However, recent studies of articulatory kinematics during error-producing tasks have discovered a class of productions that sound like errors, but that do not involve categorical mis-selection of units. Rather, although an intended unit's vocal tract constriction is correctly produced, it is accompanied-to various degrees across tokens-by an unintended constriction (an intrusion'). Thus, unintended constrictions represent a neglected source of token-to-token variation, and provide support for the hypothesis that errors and variation are more intimately linked than previously thought. Since the factors causing token-to-token variation are themselves poorly understood, we propose to investigate patterns of variability and their relation to errors with three specific aims, for which we will: manipulate experimental factors that should contribute to making an utterance 'hard to say,1 and measure their effect in three tasks: planning time (RT), articulatory variation in a speeded production task, and errors (as operationally defined) in a repetitive task, uncovering the patterns of correlations of these measures;test a dynamical account of errors as shifts in the behavior of pairs of coupled planning oscillators from more complex to simpler frequency ratios, with associated changes in fluctuations, i.e., variability;and examine the acoustic and perceptual consequences of intrusions to test the possibility that what have been called errors are simply instances of variation extensive enough to shift perceptual categories. Relevance: Diagnoses of different speech disorders are often based on the clustering of error types and on the perceived variability of patients'speech. Our analyses will provide a sound theoretical and empirical basis for such acoustic and perceptual evaluations.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders (NIDCD)
Research Project (R01)
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Language and Communication Study Section (LCOM)
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Shekim, Lana O
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Haskins Laboratories, Inc.
New Haven
United States
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Hagedorn, Christina; Proctor, Michael; Goldstein, Louis et al. (2017) Characterizing Articulation in Apraxic Speech Using Real-Time Magnetic Resonance Imaging. J Speech Lang Hear Res 60:877-891
Katsika, Argyro (2016) The role of prominence in determining the scope of boundary-related lengthening in Greek. J Phon 55:149-181
Katsika, Argyro; Shattuck-Hufnagel; Mooshammer, Christine et al. (2014) Effects of compatible versus competing rhythmic grouping on errors and timing variability in speech. Lang Speech 57:544-62
Turk, Alice; Shattuck-Hufnagel, Stefanie (2014) Timing in talking: what is it used for, and how is it controlled? Philos Trans R Soc Lond B Biol Sci 369:20130395
Katsika, Argyro; Krivokapi?, Jelena; Mooshammer, Christine et al. (2014) The coordination of boundary tones and its interaction with prominence. J Phon 44:62-82
Koenig, Laura L; Shadle, Christine H; Preston, Jonathan L et al. (2013) Toward improved spectral measures of /s/: results from adolescents. J Speech Lang Hear Res 56:1175-89
Lammert, Adam; Goldstein, Louis; Narayanan, Shrikanth et al. (2013) Statistical Methods for Estimation of Direct and Differential Kinematics of the Vocal Tract. Speech Commun 55:147-161
Iskarous, Khalil; Mooshammer, Christine; Hoole, Phil et al. (2013) The coarticulation/invariance scale: mutual information as a measure of coarticulation resistance, motor synergy, and articulatory invariance. J Acoust Soc Am 134:1271-82
Tilsen, Sam; Goldstein, Louis (2012) Articulatory gestures are individually selected in production. J Phon 40:764-779
Geiser, Eveline; Shattuck-Hufnagel, Stefanie (2012) Temporal regularity in speech perception: Is regularity beneficial or deleterious? Proc Meet Acoust 14:

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