EXCEED THE SPACE PROVIDED. Helicobacter pylori (Hp) is a major cause of chronic-active gastritis, primary duodenal ulcers and strongly linked to gastric cancer. Most Hp infections worldwide are acquired in childhood. Why some individuals develop symptomatic disease is unclear and, until recently, no studies critically evaluated the role of pediatric Hp strains and/or host factors in disease outcomes. Over the past 5 years of NIH funding, 486 children from Atlanta, Cleveland, and Miami were enrolled; 184 (38%) were Hp-infected. Race (African American) and younger age, in conjunction with Hp strains expressing cagA and vacAslB, were shown to be risk factors for both esophageal and gastric disease; suggesting a different disease paradigm from Hp-infected adults. Using the Updated Sydney system, we demonstrated a histopathologic spectrum in children, which included novel observations of atrophic gastritis with intestinal metaplasia. Overall hypothesis for competitive renewal: disease manifestations in Hp-infected children are influenced by specific host factors (i.e., race), environmental exposures, and specific virulence factors of infecting Hp strains.
Specific aims : 1) further characterize specific host factors and environmental exposures contributing to symptomatic childhood infection emphasizing follow up of 2 established specific cohorts to ascertain immune response natural history, and targeted enrollment in specific age, gender and demographic strata to facilitate detection of significant differences not attained previously. 2) Utilize gene-array technology for whole Hp genome assessment and proteomic analysis of specific virulence determinants associated with pediatric Hp strains. 3) Further characterize the host immunologic and mucosal response in Hp-infected children. Hp-infected symptomatic endoscopy cases at our established 3 clinical centers of high, moderate and low Hp prevalence will be compared with age-matched Hp-infected asymptomatic and uninfected symptomatic controls. The Updated Sydney system will be employed to assess gastric histopathology severity and phenotype in follow-up of the two 'novel' cohorts established in the past 5 years; a) atrophic gastritis; b) esophageal and gastric disease group enabling a comprehensive, multivariate evaluation of the natural history of Hp-infected children in two distinct disease paradigms, and, new cases in specific age, gender and demographic strata. Using molecular methods (multiplex [MP]-PCR, RT-PCR) and a micro ELISPOT assay on peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCS), Thl, Th2, Th3 or balanced Thl/Th2 response will be determined to further characterize the Hp-infected child's immune response phenotype. We propose to further our previous work with critically lacking studies from a multivariate approach leading to a better understanding of the gastroduodenal disease sequelae and overall pathobiology of Hp infection in humans. PERFORMANCE SITE ========================================Section End===========================================

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK)
Research Project (R01)
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General Medicine A Subcommittee 2 (GMA)
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Robuck, Patricia R
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Emory University
Schools of Medicine
United States
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