Many diseases of the human intestine are, in the active phase, histologically characterized by infiltration of the crypt epithelium by neutrophils (PMN). PMN subsequently accumulate in the crypt lumen to form """"""""crypt abscesses"""""""". The colonic lumen normally contains bacterial derived products such as N-formylated peptides in concentrations capable of activating PMN transmigration. Under my K01 award I have demonstrated that i) fMLP (a model N-formyl peptide) is transported by the di-tripeptide/H+ cotransporter hPepT1; ii) hPepT1-mediated epithelial transport of fMLP enhances neutrophil-epithelial interactions; iii) hPepT1 can be aberrantly expressed in the colon under inflammatory states such as chronic ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease; iv) hPepT1 mediated uptake of small n-formyl peptides, such as fMLP, into the cell cytoplasm increases immune accessory molecules such as MHC Class 1. In my first R01 application I propose to extend these finding at the molecular level. Thus the general aim of this proposal will be to better understand the intracellular signaling events (Specific Aim 1) and the effect on the regulation of inflammatory responses (Specific Aim 2 and 3) of PepT1 mediated IMLP transport.
In Specific Aim 4, in vivo experiments will be aimed to study the inflammatory effects of hPepT1-mediated fMLP transport in the rat intestine and the in vivo functional effects of hPepT1 expression on the mice colonic epithelial cells. The project involves a variety of biochemical methods with emphasis on molecular approaches. The completion of this proposal should molecularly define a link between an active transport process and intestinal inflammation.
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|Dalmasso, Guillaume; Charrier-Hisamuddin, Laetitia; Nguyen, Hang Thi Thu et al. (2008) PepT1-mediated tripeptide KPV uptake reduces intestinal inflammation. Gastroenterology 134:166-78|
|Dalmasso, Guillaume; Nguyen, Hang Thi Thu; Yan, Yutao et al. (2008) Butyrate transcriptionally enhances peptide transporter PepT1 expression and activity. PLoS One 3:e2476|
|Saxena, Neeraj K; Taliaferro-Smith, LaTonia; Knight, Brandi B et al. (2008) Bidirectional crosstalk between leptin and insulin-like growth factor-I signaling promotes invasion and migration of breast cancer cells via transactivation of epidermal growth factor receptor. Cancer Res 68:9712-22|
|Yan, Yutao; Vasudevan, Sona; Nguyen, Hang Thi Thu et al. (2008) Intestinal epithelial CD98: an oligomeric and multifunctional protein. Biochim Biophys Acta 1780:1087-92|
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