The objective of this study is to evaluate the role of ENPP1 (also known as PC-1) in the pathogenesis of insulin resistance in non-obese persons. The effects of obesity on insulin resistance are of importance in the growing epidemic of the metabolic syndrome, type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease in the US population. However, it is recognized that groups of persons, often part of ethnic minorities of the US population, have excessive insulin resistance and risk for its associated metabolic complications, even without significant obesity. These individuals are more likely not to be captured in intervention programs to prevent diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Although the role of ENPP1 in the pathogenesis of insulin resistance and prediction of type 2 diabetes is still controversial, both data available from the literature and preliminary data by the principal investigator support the possibility that it could be a determinant of insulin resistance even in absence of obesity. ENPP1 is a glycoprotein that is located in the plasma membrane of most cell types and interacts with the insulin receptor so to determine a reduction in insulin signaling when it is over-expressed. A common polymorphism, the K121Q, associates with a """"""""gain of function"""""""" so that higher susceptibility to insulin resistance appears to be present in the 121Q carriers. The overall hypothesis of this study is that ENPP1 over-expression and K121Q polymorphism act synergistically in determining adipose tissue insulin resistance and defective systemic insulin-mediated glucose utilization, even in absence of obesity. To test this hypothesis we propose to take the approach of evaluating ENPP1 K121Q polymorphism and gene/protein expression in adipose tissue and skeletal muscle of non-diabetic and non-obese persons who will be carefully studied for adipose tissue insulin resistance and insulin sensitivity to peripheral glucose disposal.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK)
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Integrative Physiology of Obesity and Diabetes Study Section (IPOD)
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Blondel, Olivier
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University of Texas Sw Medical Center Dallas
Internal Medicine/Medicine
Schools of Medicine
United States
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