The prevalence of gastroesophageal reflux disease is estimated to be as high as 20% in the United States, and up to 50% of these patients remain symptomatic on proton pump inhibitor (PPI) therapy. Unfortunately, the clinical approach to understand the mechanism of nonresponse is not standardized, and patients will often undergo various esophageal function tests: 1) pH-impedance, 2) wireless pH monitoring over 96 hours, 3) high-resolution impedance manometry (HRIM), and 4) mucosal impedance. Currently significant controversy exists regarding the best technique, optimal study protocol and treatment approach for the PPI non-responder (PPINR) group, resulting in inappropriate resource utilization and a failure to provide effective personalized care. As such, PPINRs contribute to a large healthcare burden in the United States.
The first aim of our study is to identify the relevant physiologic parameters of the aforementioned diagnostic tools in their ability to predict PPI requirement. Subsequently, in aim two these results will be applied to guide the formal development of a clinical algorithm for the management of PPINRs with personalized clinical pathways based on mechanism of treatment failure. We will first perform a prospective comparison trial of 240 PPINR subjects at two centers over a 4 year period. Subjects will complete symptom questionnaires and undergo diagnostic testing (pH-impedance on PPI therapy, HRIM, 96-hour wireless pH monitoring off of PPI therapy and mucosal impedance). Those who have a positive pH study and/or resume PPI therapy will receive escalation of acid suppression therapy with dexlansoprazole. Experiments 1a & 1b will compare the ability of 96-hour wireless pH monitoring vs pH impedance to predict PPI requirement and response to dexlansoprazole, respectively. Experiment 1c will explore whether mucosal impedance is equivalent to 96-hour wireless pH monitoring in predicting PPI requirement. Lastly, Experiment 1d will determine whether HRIM metrics can be utilized to determine reflux burden, mechanism and response to treatment. Next, we will develop quality measures for reflux testing in order to develop a simplified management strategy for the PPINR group. The RAND/UCLA Appropriateness Methodology will be utilized with an expert working group to develop formal validated quality measures for reflux testing based on results from aim 1 in addition to the available literature & evidence. This will be conducted over twelve-months (years 4 to 5).
Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is an increasingly common medical condition affecting up to twenty percent of the adult US population. Despite the fact that treatment with proton pump inhibitors (PPI) is extremely effective, up to 30-50% of patients are unsatisfied with their response and continue to have refractory symptoms. This proposal seeks to identify physiologic parameters that are related to PPI therapy requirement and response to escalation of PPI therapy, and apply these results to guide the formal development of a clinical algorithm for the management of patients who are not responsive to PPI therapy.
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