Recent advances in rapid prototyping methods including stereolithography and nozzle-based bioprinting have enabled manufacturing of complex structures with controlled architectures and tunable properties. With their capability of patient-specific design and precision engineering, these technologies have impacted many areas such as tissue engineering and regenerative medicine. In tissue engineering, the fabrication of highly organized, functional three-dimensional (3D) constructs that mimic the complex architecture of various organs is of great importance. Towards this goal, different rapid prototyping strategies based on stereolithography and bioprinting have been demonstrated. Despite significant advances, however, the following key challenges for bioprinting biomimetic tissue constructs still remain: a) Current methods for fabricating 3D cell-laden constructs with clinically-relevant precision require time-scales that induce cell death. b) Multicomponent/multicellular tissue constructs with biologically-relevant architectures and characteristics are difficult or impossible to bioprint at present. To address both of these challenges simultaneously, we plan to develop a Rapid, Multimaterial Bioprinting (RMB) technology. The novel RMB approach is significantly faster than conventional 3D bioprinting and produces multicomponent complex architectures using diverse cell-laden biomaterials continuously. Therefore, this novel 3D bioprinting system can be used to build biomimetic tissues, such as pre-vascularized cardiac tissue with blood vessels ranging from larger anastomosable vessels to smaller capillaries. We will integrate a programmable microfluidic system with a dynamic optical printing method to deliver different cell types and gel precursors to mimic the biomechanical characteristics and compositions of the cardiac tissue. Specifically, we will incorporate iPS cell-derived human cardiomyocytes (iCMs) and endothelial cells (ECs) with designed spatial distributions in the engineered tissue constructs. We will then assess the maturation of the pre- vascularized cardiac tissues in vitro and examine the biocompatibility and functionality of the bioprinted vascular networks in a subcutaneous implantation model in nude rats. The completion of this work will be a paradigm shift and a landmark achievement in efforts towards clinical treatments of vascularized cardiac tissue.
This project seeks to develop a novel three-dimensional (3D) bioprinting method to create vascularized cardiac tissues. Results from this work will pave the road for developing biological substitutes for damaged myocardium, which lacks the intrinsic regenerative capability. This advanced technology can also have a significant economical impact as heart diseases are responsible for ~17 million deaths per year globally and imposes a staggering annual cost of $300 billion on the health care system.
|You, Shangting; Li, Jiawen; Zhu, Wei et al. (2018) Nanoscale 3D printing of hydrogels for cellular tissue engineering. J Mater Chem B 6:2187-2197|
|Ma, Xuanyi; Yu, Claire; Wang, Pengrui et al. (2018) Rapid 3D bioprinting of decellularized extracellular matrix with regionally varied mechanical properties and biomimetic microarchitecture. Biomaterials 185:310-321|
|Wang, Pengrui; Park, Ji Hoon; Sayed, Mahmoud et al. (2018) Sustainable Synthesis and Characterization of Bisphenol A-Free Polycarbonate from Six-Membered Dicyclic Carbonate. Polym Chem 9:3798-3807|
|Yue, Kan; Liu, Yanhui; Byambaa, Batzaya et al. (2018) Visible light crosslinkable human hair keratin hydrogels. Bioeng Transl Med 3:37-48|
|Alarçin, Emine; Lee, Tae Yong; Karuthedom, Sobha et al. (2018) Injectable shear-thinning hydrogels for delivering osteogenic and angiogenic cells and growth factors. Biomater Sci 6:1604-1615|
|Lobo, Anderson Oliveira; Afewerki, Samson; de Paula, Mirian Michele Machado et al. (2018) Electrospun nanofiber blend with improved mechanical and biological performance. Int J Nanomedicine 13:7891-7903|
|Sheikhi, Amir; Afewerki, Samson; Oklu, Rahmi et al. (2018) Effect of ionic strength on shear-thinning nanoclay-polymer composite hydrogels. Biomater Sci 6:2073-2083|
|Ma, Xuanyi; Liu, Justin; Zhu, Wei et al. (2018) 3D bioprinting of functional tissue models for personalized drug screening and in vitro disease modeling. Adv Drug Deliv Rev 132:235-251|
|Shin, Su Ryon; Migliori, Bianca; Miccoli, Beatrice et al. (2018) Electrically Driven Microengineered Bioinspired Soft Robots. Adv Mater 30:|
|Hwang, Henry H; Zhu, Wei; Victorine, Grace et al. (2018) 3D-Printing of Functional Biomedical Microdevices via Light- and Extrusion-Based Approaches. Small Methods 2:|
Showing the most recent 10 out of 19 publications