The purpose of this study is for a team of materials scientists, biomedical engineers, analytical chemists, and neuroscientists at MIT to develop a micro-invasive implantable device for monitoring the biochemical composition of distinct brain regions. This analytical tool for sampling neurochemicals in brain interstitial fluid (ISF) promises to provide valuable insight into the dynamics of neural circuits in physiological and pathological states. We will apply this tool to study the role of neuropeptides in substance use disorder (SUD). The dynorphin family of neuropeptides has long been implicated in addiction, but no current analysis tool has been able to investigate the long-term spatiotemporal dynamics of these neurochemicals in vivo. Our goal is to demonstrate the efficacy of our sampling platform in measuring neuropeptide expression dynamically in a rodent model of SUD. This will lend greater insight into the biochemical basis of addiction and withdrawal, but perhaps more importantly establish our technology as an effective technique for understanding the onset and progression of neural diseases. Our specific goals are summarized as follows: 1) Design a minimally invasive and implantable device for sampling ISF chronically in vivo. The device will consist of a nanofluidic pump (nanopump) coupled to micro- scale probes (microprobes), with fluid flow characteristics optimized in vitro prior to translation to a stand-alone in vivo device. 2) Optimize the storage and processing of small volumes of sampled ISF, withdrawn via nanopump, for analysis via liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). 3) Determine the detection limits for the dynorphin neuropeptide family in ISF in vitro prior to detection of these neurochemicals in in vivo samples at physiological and pathological concentrations. 4) Perform short-term monitoring of dynorphin at baseline and in acute stress to demonstrate the efficacy of this tool in tracking these large neuropeptides in real-time. 5) Track the dynorphin family of neuropeptides in a rodent model of cocaine SUD, lending greater insight into the biochemical basis of substance withdrawal and relapse.
Our aim i s to demonstrate the failsafe function of this sampling platform in vivo and establish its ability to monitor neuropeptide dynamics with precise spatiotemporal control.
We aim to provide neuroscientists with a new tool for investigating the biochemical basis of neural pathology in well-established animal models, enabling more accurate diagnosis and treatment of neural disorders in humans in the future.
Drug-seeking and drug self-administration in humans can lead to devastating health, social, and legal consequences, and each point in the addiction cycle can be closely related to dysregulation of biochemical activity in specific neural circuits. There is a critical need for a tool that enables investigating the changing composition and concentration of neurochemicals in distinct brain regions, thus we propose combining materials science, device microfabrication, analytical chemistry, and neuroscience to develop a device that can sample neurochemicals in brain fluid and track their long-term dynamics. The device will be fabricated to achieve failsafe function and prolonged biocompatibility, and will be validated in rodent models of substance use disorders.