Increasing exposure of humans to man-made electromagnetic fields from power-line to microwave frequencies has necessitated obtaining dosimetric information for use in the evaluation of possible biohazards. The thrust of our project has been to develop high-resolution anatomically based electromagnetic models that can be used for calculation of absorbed energy and induced currents and their distributions for near-field or far- field,partial-body or whole-body exposure conditions. In addition to providing information on some relevant occupational situations such as exposure to RF sealers and induction heaters, work done during the current project period has provided useful information on distributions of absorbed energy for several important biomedical applications such as radiofrequency (RF) fields of magnetic resonance imagers (MRI), and several types of hyperthermia applicators such as capacitive plates, RF needles, and annular-phased arrays of aperture antennas and dipoles. Using the MRI data, we propose to create a new electromagnetic (EM) model of the human body with resolution on the order of a few millimeters and use it to extend the dosimetric information for human exposure to higher frequencies on the order of Gigahertz. With the recent relaxation of the safety guideline from 5 to 10 mW/cm2 for frequencies of 3 GHz or more, it is important to check if there are any regions of unacceptably high EM depositions such as the eyes, etc. For this application we will use the newly developed expanding grid method to model the important surface region with a higher degree of precision than the regions in depth. Other applications of the expanding grid method proposed to be investigated are: EM hyperthermia where the tumor shape and size will be modeled more precisely than the surrounding tissues, and RF sealers in industrially relevant settings such as screen rooms. We also propose to use the new high-resolution, anatomically based model to calculate internal E-fields and induced currents for exposure to EM fields associated with 50/60-Hz power lines. This task is proposed because of the increasing concern of health effects of EM fields at power-line frequencies and the relative inadequacy of dosimetric data in regards to the induced current densities for the tissues.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS)
Research Project (R01)
Project #
Application #
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (SSS (B1))
Project Start
Project End
Budget Start
Budget End
Support Year
Fiscal Year
Total Cost
Indirect Cost
University of Utah
Schools of Engineering
Salt Lake City
United States
Zip Code