This new study, Diagnostic Innovations in Glaucoma Study (DIGS): High Myopia and Advanced Disease, will overcome barriers to detection of progressive OAG in two cohorts of patients who are among the most challenging clinically to manage, OAG patients with advanced disease (advOAG) and OAG patients with high myopia (mypOAG). Determining whether a patient is stable or progressing is particularly difficult for these patients as the structural and functional tests that usually guide treatment decisions are of diminished value. We will also expand our longitudinal reference database of healthy eyes to include older healthy high myopic eyes and use it to improve detection of mypOAG at one point in time and to differentiate between age-related changes and mypOAG progression over time. In addition, we will add Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) Angiography testing to characterize glaucomatous retinal vascular damage and change and to evaluate its potential role in OAG management in these challenging patients.
In Specific Aim 1 (Advanced OAG), we address several hypotheses designed to determine how best to monitor advanced OAG using both standard and novel structural measures. We hypothesize that standard spectral domain OCT ganglion cell measures and central visual field testing may be more effective for monitoring these challenging cases and that novel analysis strategies such as whole 3D volume and new OCT Angiography retinal vascular measures may improve detection of progressive advOAG.
In Specific Aim 2 (High Myopia), we address several hypotheses designed to improve our understanding and detection of OAG damage in myopic eyes and to differentiate between age-related change and mypOAG progression using standard and novel structural measures. We hypothesize that establishment of a reference database of healthy myopes, and the incorporation of unique features of the myopic eye will improve detection of OAG and its progression in individuals with high myopia. This proposal will improve our understanding and ability to manage the disease and prevent OAG-related functional impairment and blindness in the most challenging patients. These results can then be used to develop personalized medicine tools to improve the efficiency and reduce the costs of OAG management along the full continuum of OAG severity and range of refractive status.
The overall goal of ?Diagnostic Innovations in Glaucoma Study (DIGS): High Myopia and Advanced Disease? is to improve our understanding and detection of progressive glaucoma in two cohorts of patients who are among the most challenging clinically to manage, glaucoma patients with advanced disease and glaucoma patients with high myopia. With its extensive longitudinal structural, functional and vascular testing and new automated measurements, this study will enhance our understanding of the complex relationship between structural, functional and vascular changes in glaucoma and improve our ability to manage the disease and prevent glaucoma-related functional impairment and blindness. These results can then be used to develop personalized medicine tools to improve the efficiency and reduce the costs of glaucoma management along the full continuum of glaucoma severity and myopia.
|Penteado, Rafaella C; Zangwill, Linda M; Daga, Fábio B et al. (2018) Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography Macular Vascular Density Measurements and the Central 10-2 Visual Field in Glaucoma. J Glaucoma 27:481-489|
|Ghahari, Elham; Bowd, Christopher; Zangwill, Linda M et al. (2018) Macular Vessel Density in Glaucomatous Eyes With Focal Lamina Cribrosa Defects. J Glaucoma 27:342-349|
|Garg, Aakriti; De Moraes, C Gustavo; Cioffi, George A et al. (2018) Baseline 24-2 Central Visual Field Damage Is Predictive of Global Progressive Field Loss. Am J Ophthalmol 187:92-98|
|Yarmohammadi, Adeleh; Zangwill, Linda M; Manalastas, Patricia Isabel C et al. (2018) Peripapillary and Macular Vessel Density in Patients with Primary Open-Angle Glaucoma and Unilateral Visual Field Loss. Ophthalmology 125:578-587|
|Hou, Huiyuan; Moghimi, Sasan; Zangwill, Linda M et al. (2018) Inter-eye Asymmetry of Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography Vessel Density in Bilateral Glaucoma, Glaucoma Suspect, and Healthy Eyes. Am J Ophthalmol 190:69-77|
|Bowd, Christopher; Zangwill, Linda M; Weinreb, Robert N et al. (2018) Racial Differences in Rate of Change of Spectral-Domain Optical Coherence Tomography-Measured Minimum Rim Width and Retinal Nerve Fiber Layer Thickness. Am J Ophthalmol 196:154-164|
|Mundae, Rusdeep S; Zangwill, Linda M; Kabbara, Sami W et al. (2018) A Longitudinal Analysis of Peripapillary Choroidal Thinning in Healthy and Glaucoma Subjects. Am J Ophthalmol 186:89-95|
|Wu, Zhichao; Medeiros, Felipe A; Weinreb, Robert N et al. (2018) Performance of the 10-2 and 24-2 Visual Field Tests for Detecting Central Visual Field Abnormalities in Glaucoma. Am J Ophthalmol 196:10-17|
|Manalastas, Patricia Isabel C; Belghith, Akram; Weinreb, Robert N et al. (2018) Automated Beta Zone Parapapillary Area Measurement to Differentiate Between Healthy and Glaucoma Eyes. Am J Ophthalmol 191:140-148|
|Manalastas, Patricia I C; Zangwill, Linda M; Daga, Fabio B et al. (2018) The Association Between Macula and ONH Optical Coherence Tomography Angiography (OCT-A) Vessel Densities in Glaucoma, Glaucoma Suspect, and Healthy Eyes. J Glaucoma 27:227-232|
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