Regulation of intracellular levels of cyclic nucleotides is a major paradigm in cell signaling and, in particular, signaling by G-protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs). Recently, we have shown that two members of the family 5 of 7-transmembrane segmented receptors that includes Frizzleds are GPCRs with respect to several downstream signaling pathways. Two observations provide the basis for the specific aims in this proposal: suppression of the heterotrimeric G-protein subunits G(alpha)t2/o in mouse F9 teratocarcinoma stem cells and treatment with inhibitors of cyclic GMP PDE, such as IBMX, zaprinast, and dipyridamole, block the ability of the GPCR rat Fz2 to signal at the level of calcium transients and cyclic GMP. We have created a chimeric receptor composed of the transmembrane, ligand-binding domain and the exofacial segments of the well-known GPCR (beta)2-adrenergic receptor to which the three intracellular loops (iloops 1-3) and the C-terminal, cytoplasmic tail of Rfz2 have been spliced. This novel chimera binds beta-adrenergic agonists and antagonists, signaling to calcium mobilization and reduction in intracellular concentrations of cyclic GMP, but not to G(alpha)s and adenylylcyclase, like the wild-type (beta)2-adrenergic receptor. We have validated the functional capability of the construct and propose two specific aims to elucidate in a biochemical manner a new role for G(alpha)t2/o and cyclic GMP PDE in signaling: to test for the direct interaction between Fz2 and heterotrimeric G-proteins expressed in Sf9 cells biochemicaly by baculovirus-induced expression of these components and by BRET in F9 cells; and, to establish the molecular identity of the PDE(s) responsible for this signaling by expression, purification, and reconstitution of the triad of receptor/G-protein/PDE in vitro and complementary studies in F9 cells using antisense suppression/rescue as well as BRET analysis of protein-protein interactions. We shall employ a novel drug-induced secretion system in these cells to validate (with native ligand and receptor) the observations exploited by use of the chimera. These studies are highly relevant to signaling as well as to elucidation of basis for human diseases in which alterations in signaling pathways translate into aberrant biology.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Institute of General Medical Sciences (NIGMS)
Research Project (R01)
Project #
Application #
Study Section
Biochemistry Study Section (BIO)
Program Officer
Jones, Warren
Project Start
Project End
Budget Start
Budget End
Support Year
Fiscal Year
Total Cost
Indirect Cost
State University New York Stony Brook
Schools of Medicine
Stony Brook
United States
Zip Code
Bertalovitz, Alexander C; Pau, Milly S; Gao, Shujuan et al. (2016) Frizzled-4 C-terminus Distal to KTXXXW Motif is Essential for Normal Dishevelled Recruitment and Norrin-stimulated Activation of Lef/Tcf-dependent Transcriptional Activation. J Mol Signal 11:1
Wang, Ying; Wang, Hsien-yu (2012) Dvl3 translocates IPMK to the cell membrane in response to Wnt. Cell Signal 24:2389-95
Wang, H-Y; Malbon, C C (2012) Dishevelled C-terminus: prolyl and histidinyl motifs. Acta Physiol (Oxf) 204:65-73
Lee, Yi-Nan; Gao, Yuan; Wang, Hsien-Yu (2008) Differential mediation of the Wnt canonical pathway by mammalian Dishevelleds-1, -2, and -3. Cell Signal 20:443-52
Ma, Li; Wang, Hsien-yu (2007) Mitogen-activated protein kinase p38 regulates the Wnt/cyclic GMP/Ca2+ non-canonical pathway. J Biol Chem 282:28980-90
Tao, Jiangchuan; Wang, Hsien-Yu; Malbon, Craig C (2007) Src docks to A-kinase anchoring protein gravin, regulating beta2-adrenergic receptor resensitization and recycling. J Biol Chem 282:6597-608
Gao, Yuan; Wang, Hsien-yu (2007) Inositol pentakisphosphate mediates Wnt/beta-catenin signaling. J Biol Chem 282:26490-502
Ma, Li; Wang, Hsien-yu (2006) Suppression of cyclic GMP-dependent protein kinase is essential to the Wnt/cGMP/Ca2+ pathway. J Biol Chem 281:30990-1001
Tao, Jiangchuan; Shumay, Elena; McLaughlin, Stuart et al. (2006) Regulation of AKAP-membrane interactions by calcium. J Biol Chem 281:23932-44
Gavi, Shai; Shumay, Elena; Wang, Hsien-yu et al. (2006) G-protein-coupled receptors and tyrosine kinases: crossroads in cell signaling and regulation. Trends Endocrinol Metab 17:48-54

Showing the most recent 10 out of 11 publications