A key goal of evolutionary biology and human genetics is to understand how natural selection has shaped genetic and phenotypic variation within and among populations. The vast amount of population genomic data and genotype-phenotype mapping data generated over the coming decade will bring an unprecedented power to address these questions. To maximize the great potential these data we need the development of novel population genomic models and tools that address the increasing evidence for polygenic adaptation. In particular, while much attention has focused on understanding a simple model of the effect of adaptation, the full sweep model, the genome-wide effects of soft and partial sweeps has received almost no theoretical attention nor methods development. In addition while our understanding of the genetic basis of the variation in many human phenotypes has vastly improved through genome-wide association studies our understanding of how selection has shaped this highly polygenic variation across populations has lagged significantly. We propose a number of lines of research to address these significant shortcomings. Specifically to empower the study of the role of polygenic selection and adaptation in population genomic data we will:
Aim 1) Develop an extended model of the population genomic effects of linked selection. We will construct new models of the effect of different modes of linked selection - including background selection, recurrent partial sweeps, and soft sweeps - on levels of genetic diversity, using cutting-edge coalescent methods.
In Aim 2 we will develop the inference machinery to infer the genomic parameters of this extended model of linked selection. This will allow us to investigate the relative contribution of background selection, hard, and soft sweeps to genomic patterns of genetic diversity. Finally in aim 3 we will create tools to detect local adaptation on polygenic traits using data provided by genome-wide association studies. This method will test for the concerted signal of local adaptation on the genetic basis of particular phenotypes, while accounting for the confounding effects of drift and shared population history.

Public Health Relevance

Understanding the evolutionary forces shaping genetic and phenotypic variation is a key aim of human genetics and evolutionary biology. This grant proposes to develop the tools and methodologies to learn about the direct and indirect effects of selection from population genomic data.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Institute of General Medical Sciences (NIGMS)
Research Project (R01)
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Genetic Variation and Evolution Study Section (GVE)
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Janes, Daniel E
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University of California Davis
Anatomy/Cell Biology
Schools of Medicine
United States
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Bradburd, Gideon S; Coop, Graham M; Ralph, Peter L (2018) Inferring Continuous and Discrete Population Genetic Structure Across Space. Genetics 210:33-52
Aguillon, Stepfanie M; Fitzpatrick, John W; Bowman, Reed et al. (2017) Deconstructing isolation-by-distance: The genomic consequences of limited dispersal. PLoS Genet 13:e1006911
Aeschbacher, Simon; Selby, Jessica P; Willis, John H et al. (2017) Population-genomic inference of the strength and timing of selection against gene flow. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 114:7061-7066
Lee, Kristin M; Coop, Graham (2017) Distinguishing Among Modes of Convergent Adaptation Using Population Genomic Data. Genetics 207:1591-1619
Buffalo, Vince; Mount, Stephen M; Coop, Graham (2016) A Genealogical Look at Shared Ancestry on the X Chromosome. Genetics 204:57-75
Chen, Nancy; Cosgrove, Elissa J; Bowman, Reed et al. (2016) Genomic Consequences of Population Decline in the Endangered Florida Scrub-Jay. Curr Biol 26:2974-2979
Bradburd, Gideon S; Ralph, Peter L; Coop, Graham M (2016) A Spatial Framework for Understanding Population Structure and Admixture. PLoS Genet 12:e1005703
Juric, Ivan; Aeschbacher, Simon; Coop, Graham (2016) The Strength of Selection against Neanderthal Introgression. PLoS Genet 12:e1006340
Elyashiv, Eyal; Sattath, Shmuel; Hu, Tina T et al. (2016) A Genomic Map of the Effects of Linked Selection in Drosophila. PLoS Genet 12:e1006130
Ralph, Peter L; Coop, Graham (2015) The Role of Standing Variation in Geographic Convergent Adaptation. Am Nat 186 Suppl 1:S5-23

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