Each year, 700,000 - 900,000 burn patients develop severe hypertrophic scarring (HS). These scars restrict movement, are painful, and severely limit the quality of life for these patients. Our group has recently observed that propranolol (PPL), a non-specific 1, 2adrenergic receptor (-AR) antagonist, improves wound healing (WH) and reduces HS in severely burned children. Preliminary experiments demonstrate that burn injury not only drastically elevates catecholamine levels in the skin, but also alters the expression of 2-ARs in the scar, and leads to changes in 1- and 2-AR mediated signaling in fibroblasts from HS. Importantly, PPL attenuates these changes. The effects of chronic catecholamine exposure or long-term -blockade on scarring in the severely burned have also not been studied. The overarching hypothesis of this project is therefore that delayed WH and severe HS result from chronic stimulation by catecholamines that disrupt normal -AR expression and function, and that -blockade improves WH and decreases HS by correcting these catecholamine-induced deficits. We propose that impaired WH related to chronic catecholamine exposure is due to heightened inflammation in the wound and scar, and that defects in -AR signaling lead to increased fibrosis (characterized by greater deposition of keratin and collagen), resulting in severe HS. We further hypothesize that long-term -blockade decreases local inflammation and restores -AR signaling, improving WH and reducing HS. To test this hypothesis, we will by pursuing three Specific Aims investigate the molecular events occurring in the skin and scars of the severely burned treated with and without propranolol in two placebo-controlled trials of PPL use to reduce the post-burn hypermetabolic response.
Aim 1 is to determine the effects of chronic catecholamine exposure and -blockade on WH and HS by measuring tissue catecholamine levels, wound healing, scar severity, range of motion, and genetic polymorphisms related to the response to -blockade. Patients will receive either short- or long-term -blockade to determine which results in better clinical outcomes.
Aim 2 is to quantitate the effects of -blockade on scar composition, by determining cellular composition and -AR expression in the wound and scar, utilizing innovative metabolic tracer studies to measure real-time collagen and keratin turnover rates, and measure pro-and anti-fibrotic factors that regulate fibrosis.
Aim 3 is to determine the effects of -blockade on -AR expression, activity, and binding partners in dermal fibroblasts from HS and the same patients' non-burned skin. We will use primary cell cultures to study cellular signaling responses after stimulation wit catecholamines or -blockade with 1- and2-specific antagonists, in addition to PPL. Development of a therapy to improve post-burn wound healing and decrease scarring would improve the quality of life for severely burned patients and reduce the long-term cost of their surgical and psychological care. Therefore, determining whether long-term mitigation of catecholamine-triggered -AR signaling improves WH and reduces HS in severely burned patients is a high priority.
About 70-90% of severely burned patients develop painful and itchy hypertrophic scars that severely limit motion, reduce quality of life, and are most effectively treated through costly and painful surgical removal. We recently discovered that chronic stimulation by catecholamines (the fight-or-flight hormones) may impair wound healing and increase post-burn hypertrophic scarring, but that -blockade with propranolol may improve wound healing and reduce hypertrophic scarring. Understanding the mechanisms underlying aberrant wound healing and scarring, and their reversal by propranolol, will lay the foundation to develop additional anti-scarring therapies for the severely burned.
|Foncerrada, Guillermo; Culnan, Derek M; Capek, Karel D et al. (2018) Inhalation Injury in the Burned Patient. Ann Plast Surg 80:S98-S105|
|Bohanon, Fredrick J; Nunez Lopez, Omar; Herndon, David N et al. (2018) Burn Trauma Acutely Increases the Respiratory Capacity and Function of Liver Mitochondria. Shock 49:466-473|
|Neelakantan, Harshini; Vance, Virginia; Wetzel, Michael D et al. (2018) Selective and membrane-permeable small molecule inhibitors of nicotinamide N-methyltransferase reverse high fat diet-induced obesity in mice. Biochem Pharmacol 147:141-152|
|Voigt, Charles D; Hundeshagen, Gabriel; Malagaris, Ioannis et al. (2018) Effects of a restrictive blood transfusion protocol on acute pediatric burn care: Transfusion threshold in pediatric burns. J Trauma Acute Care Surg 85:1048-1054|
|Cambiaso-Daniel, Janos; Parry, Ingrid; Rivas, Eric et al. (2018) Strength and Cardiorespiratory Exercise Rehabilitation for Severely Burned Patients During Intensive Care Units: A Survey of Practice. J Burn Care Res 39:897-901|
|El Ayadi, Amina; Prasai, Anesh; Wang, Ye et al. (2018) ?-Adrenergic Receptor Trafficking, Degradation, and Cell Surface Expression Are Altered in Dermal Fibroblasts from Hypertrophic Scars. J Invest Dermatol 138:1645-1655|
|Hundeshagen, Gabriel; Collins, Vanessa N; Wurzer, Paul et al. (2018) A Prospective, Randomized, Controlled Trial Comparing the Outpatient Treatment of Pediatric and Adult Partial-Thickness Burns with Suprathel or Mepilex Ag. J Burn Care Res 39:261-267|
|Herndon, David; Capek, Karel D; Ross, Evan et al. (2018) Reduced Postburn Hypertrophic Scarring and Improved Physical Recovery With Yearlong Administration of Oxandrolone and Propranolol. Ann Surg 268:431-441|
|Guillory, Ashley N; Clayton, Robert P; Prasai, Anesh et al. (2018) Buprenorphine-Sustained Release Alters Hemodynamic Parameters in a Rat Burn Model. J Surg Res 232:154-159|
|Rontoyanni, Victoria G; Malagaris, Ioannis; Herndon, David N et al. (2018) Skeletal Muscle Mitochondrial Function is Determined by Burn Severity, Sex, and Sepsis, and is Associated With Glucose Metabolism and Functional Capacity in Burned Children. Shock 50:141-148|
Showing the most recent 10 out of 31 publications