The ability to form and maintain good social relationships in adolescence is an important indicator of healthy functioning and an important predictor of healthy psychological and social development later in life (kupersmidt, Cole, & Dodge, 1990; parker & Asher, 1987). Thus, attempts to understand potential contributors to individual differences in social relationships in adolesence are important. Bowlby's attachment theory (1969/82, 1973, 1980) suggests that an individuals' mental representations related to attachment also to feelings, representations, and the processing of information within these relationships. The goalof this study is to increase understanding of how an adolescent's representation of attachment is related to current relationships (with both parents and perrs) as well as to the creation of new relationships. The proposed study is the first to examine the connections between attachment and a variety of social relationships. The questions we propose to ask are listed below. 1. Is attachment related to adolescents' (a) representations of their parents, (b) information processing of parent-relted stimuli, and (c) adolescent-parent behavior? 2. Is attachment related to adolescents' (a) representations of familiar peers, and (b) ongoing peer relationships? 3. Is attachment related to the creation of new relationships in adolescence? Specifically, is attachment related to adolescents' (a) representations of unfamiliar peers, (b) social information-seeking related to unfamiliar peers, and (c) initial behavior with unfamiliar peers? Subjects will be 180 10th-grade students and their mothers and fathers. We will use a multi-method design. Measures will include the Adult Attachment Interview, questionnaire measures, observations of behavioral interaction, peer-, teacher-, and self- reports of social relations and behavior, and experimental information-processing tasks.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health & Human Development (NICHD)
Type
Research Project (R01)
Project #
1R01HD036635-01
Application #
2660686
Study Section
Human Development and Aging Subcommittee 3 (HUD)
Project Start
1997-09-30
Project End
2002-08-31
Budget Start
1997-09-30
Budget End
1998-08-31
Support Year
1
Fiscal Year
1997
Total Cost
Indirect Cost
Name
University of Maryland College Park
Department
Psychology
Type
Schools of Arts and Sciences
DUNS #
City
College Park
State
MD
Country
United States
Zip Code
20742
Jones, Jason D; Cassidy, Jude (2014) Parental attachment style: examination of links with parent secure base provision and adolescent secure base use. Attach Hum Dev 16:437-61
Dykas, Matthew J; Woodhouse, Susan S; Jones, Jason D et al. (2014) Attachment-related biases in adolescents' memory. Child Dev 85:2185-201
Dykas, Matthew J; Woodhouse, Susan S; Ehrlich, Katherine B et al. (2012) Attachment-related differences in perceptions of an initial peer interaction emerge over time: evidence of reconstructive memory processes in adolescents. Dev Psychol 48:1381-9
Ehrlich, Katherine B; Dykas, Matthew J; Cassidy, Jude (2012) Tipping points in adolescent adjustment: predicting social functioning from adolescents' conflict with parents and friends. J Fam Psychol 26:776-83
Dykas, Matthew J; Ehrlich, Katherine B; Cassidy, Jude (2011) Links between attachment and social information processing: examination of intergenerational processes. Adv Child Dev Behav 40:51-94
Ehrlich, Katherine B; Cassidy, Jude; Dykas, Matthew J (2011) Reporter discrepancies among parents, adolescents, and peers: adolescent attachment and informant depressive symptoms as explanatory factors. Child Dev 82:999-1012
Dykas, Matthew J; Woodhouse, Susan S; Ehrlich, Katherine B et al. (2010) Do adolescents and parents reconstruct memories about their conflict as a function of adolescent attachment? Child Dev 81:1445-59
Woodhouse, Susan S; Ramos-Marcuse, Fatima; Ehrlich, Katherine B et al. (2010) The role of adolescent attachment in moderating and mediating the links between parent and adolescent psychological symptoms. J Clin Child Adolesc Psychol 39:51-63
Woodhouse, Susan S; Dykas, Matthew J; Cassidy, Jude (2009) Perceptions of secure base provision within the family. Attach Hum Dev 11:47-67
Dykas, Matthew J; Ziv, Yair; Cassidy, Jude (2008) Attachment and peer relations in adolescence. Attach Hum Dev 10:123-41

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