and specific aims): The integrity of the alveolar epithelium is critical for normal lung function. This barrier is continuously exposed to potentially injurious environmental, local, and systemic stimuli. How this epithelium is maintained and repaired, what cell populations are involved, and how these homeostatic and reparative processes are regulated remain obscure. Histopathological evidence has suggested that, of the two alveolar epithelial cell types, type II (AT2) cells may be capable of both self-renewal and transdifferentiation into type I (AT1) cells. However, the numerous cell types that compromise the adult lung, the complex pulmonary cytoarchitecture, and the lack (until recently) of reliable, non-morphological markers for defining alveolar epithelial cell (AEC) phenotype have precluded verification of this presumption. The long-range goal of our research is to understand how cellular differentiation and its regulation contribute to maintenance and repair of the alveolar epithelium in the mature lung. To begin to address this problem, the projects proposed herein will test the following hypotheses: 1) transdifferentiation of AT2 and AT1 cells is definable by cell type-specific gene expression; 2) AT2 and AT1 cell type-specific genes are coordinately up- and/or down-regulated during modulation of AEC phenotype; and 3) AEC transdifferentiation involves transcriptional regulation of cell type-specific genes.
The specific aims are: 1) to analyze regulation of phenotype-specific gene expression during AEC differentiation; 2) to identify new type I (and type II) AEC-specific genes; and 3) to investigate regulation of AEC differentiation by the expression and interaction of trans-acting factors with cell type-specific genes.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
Type
Research Project (R01)
Project #
2R01HL038578-13
Application #
2028317
Study Section
Lung Biology and Pathology Study Section (LBPA)
Project Start
1986-09-01
Project End
2001-08-31
Budget Start
1997-09-01
Budget End
1998-08-31
Support Year
13
Fiscal Year
1997
Total Cost
Indirect Cost
Name
University of Southern California
Department
Internal Medicine/Medicine
Type
Schools of Medicine
DUNS #
041544081
City
Los Angeles
State
CA
Country
United States
Zip Code
90089
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