The soluble isoform of guanylate cyclase (sGC) is a heterodimer protein abundant in most tissues and the principal """"""""nitric oxide (NO) receptor"""""""", responsible for the synthesis of cGMP in response to activation by NO. Because of the labile nature of NO, the amount of biologically active NO and consequently, the degree of the NO-sGC interaction are inversely related to both the intermolecular distance between sGC and the NO synthase (NOS)-generated NO, as well as the presence of competing ligands, especially superoxide. The NO-superoxide-generated peroxynitrite is a highly reactive, toxic radical responsible for the nitration and deactivation of numerous proteins. Protein-protein interactions are important determinants of NOS activity; in particular, the association of NOS with the ubiquitous heat shock protein 90 (Hsp90) greatly enhances its activity. To date, it has been assumed that sGC exists free in the cytoplasm where it competes with other NO ligands. Contrary to this assumption, we recently discovered that sGC exists in a multi-protein complex involving at least Hsp90 and NOS (eNOS or iNOS), in both endothelial and smooth muscle cells, and that this association enhances its activity in response to either endogenous NO or nitrovasodilator-derived NO, both in vitro and in vivo. This newly discovered Hsp90-sGC complexes provide novel models for understanding the multicellular effects of NO. In the proposed studies, we will investigate the molecular mechanisms of these interactions and test the hypothesis that these new models represent physiological mechanisms aimed at improving sGC activation, maximizing the NO-sGC interaction and at reducing NO scavenging by superoxide. ? ?

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
Research Project (R01)
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Experimental Cardiovascular Sciences Study Section (ECS)
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Goldman, Stephen
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Medical College of Georgia (MCG)
Internal Medicine/Medicine
Schools of Medicine
United States
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