Following a critical amount of blood loss, compensatory neural responses that normally help maintain blood pressure suddenly fail, causing vasodilation, profound bradycardia and life-threatening hypotension. The central nervous system mechanisms that mediate this sympatholytic response are unknown. A more comprehensive understanding of such mechanisms could lead to novel treatments for circulatory shock and other disorders with aberrant activation of sympatholytic reflexes such as myocardial infarct of the inferoposterior wall of the heart, exertional syncope associated with aortic stenosis or neurogenic syncope. In vivo models devised to examine these responses have been limited due to the effects of anesthesia on autonomic function. The objective of this proposal is to elucidate the role of hindbrain serotonergic cellular- and receptor mediated mechanisms in the sudden loss of sympathetic activity that accompanies severe blood loss in the conscious rat. Specifically, studies have been designed to identify the source of serotonin and the receptor populations that mediate sympathetic withdrawal during hemorrhage. The proposed experiments involve novel uses of classic physiological models to study the role of discrete hindbrain neuronal and receptor populations in the regulation of sympathetic function in unanesthetized rats. Anatomical studies that combine neuronal tract tracing with immunhistochemical markers of neuronal phenotype and function will be used to determine the source and projection site of serotonin involved in sympathetic reflexes. The novel techniques outlined in this proposal will help to determine hindbrain serotonergic cellular and receptor function on sympathetic regulation in general and on hemorrhage responses in particular, a goal which has, until now, been hampered by the confounding influence of anesthesia on hemorrhage responses and serotonergic function.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
Research Project (R01)
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Cardiovascular and Renal Study Section (CVB)
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Velletri, Paul A
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Loyola University Chicago
Schools of Medicine
United States
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Vantrease, Jaime E; Dudek, Nichole; DonCarlos, Lydia L et al. (2015) 5-HT1A receptors of the nucleus tractus solitarii facilitate sympathetic recovery following hypotensive hemorrhage in rats. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol 309:H335-44
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Tiniakov, Ruslan; Osei-Owusu, Patrick; Scrogin, Karie E (2007) The 5-hydroxytryptamine1A receptor agonist, (+)-8-hydroxy-2-(di-n-propylamino)-tetralin, increases cardiac output and renal perfusion in rats subjected to hypovolemic shock. J Pharmacol Exp Ther 320:811-8
Tiniakov, Ruslan; Scrogin, Karie E (2006) The serotonin 5-Hydroxytryptaphan1A receptor agonist, (+)8-hydroxy-2-(di-n-propylamino)-tetralin, stimulates sympathetic-dependent increases in venous tone during hypovolemic shock. J Pharmacol Exp Ther 319:776-82
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