Despite the success in elucidating the etiologies of several Mendelian diseases, defining the genetic architecture of common complex diseases, such as hypertension, a major cause of cardiovascular disease, remains a daunting challenge. We now have the technology to sift through large number of genetic variants to pinpoint those underlying specific diseases. However, for dissecting the genetic basis for complex diseases, there is currently no established framework for optimal study designs or analytic strategies. This application aims to develop a novel paradigm for studying complex diseases, in which a multi-stage design and a combination of analytic methods enable us to efficiently isolate genetic variants that influencing the risk of hypertension. Specifically, we propose to perform an admixture mapping study in African Americans using ancestry-informative SNP markers, followed by gene-based case-control association studies in the well-characterized cohorts recruited by the Family Blood Pressure Program (FBPP). We will also conduct further replication studies in different African-American cohorts and estimate population specific risks for the identified variants in European-American, Mexican American and Nigerian populations, respectively.
The Specific Aims are: 1. Refine information on existing candidate regions on chromosomes 6 and 21 by admixture mapping. 2. Conduct association studies in the genes in refined regions. 3. Identify common variants in genes explaining the signals in admixture mapping. 4. Characterize effects of variants confirmed in Aim 3 in other population samples. Our prior research identified two new candidate regions (6q and 21 q) for hypertension (Zhu et al. 2005). Admixture mapping using highly informative SNPs (Aim 1) may achieve a greater power compared to conventional linkage study, and achieves a higher resolution compared to our previous admixture mapping analysis, which used a genome-wide microsatellite marker panel designed for linkage analysis. Overall, our multi-stage design is likely to achieve greater power and higher resolution compared to a single-stage design.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
Research Project (R01)
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Cardiovascular and Sleep Epidemiology (CASE)
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Reid, Diane M
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Case Western Reserve University
Public Health & Prev Medicine
Schools of Medicine
United States
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Wang, Heming; Choi, Yoonha; Tayo, Bamidele et al. (2017) Genome-wide survey in African Americans demonstrates potential epistasis of fitness in the human genome. Genet Epidemiol 41:122-135
Shetty, Priya B; Tang, Hua; Feng, Tao et al. (2015) Variants for HDL-C, LDL-C, and triglycerides identified from admixture mapping and fine-mapping analysis in African American families. Circ Cardiovasc Genet 8:106-13
Zhu, Xiaofeng; Feng, Tao; Tayo, Bamidele O et al. (2015) Meta-analysis of correlated traits via summary statistics from GWASs with an application in hypertension. Am J Hum Genet 96:21-36
Wang, Ya-Juan; Tayo, Bamidele O; Bandyopadhyay, Anupam et al. (2014) The association of the vanin-1 N131S variant with blood pressure is mediated by endoplasmic reticulum-associated degradation and loss of function. PLoS Genet 10:e1004641
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Monda, Keri L; Chen, Gary K; Taylor, Kira C et al. (2013) A meta-analysis identifies new loci associated with body mass index in individuals of African ancestry. Nat Genet 45:690-6
Wang, Xuefeng; Morris, Nathan J; Zhu, Xiaofeng et al. (2013) A variance component based multi-marker association test using family and unrelated data. BMC Genet 14:17
Qin, Huaizhen; Zhu, Xiaofeng (2012) Allowing for population stratification in association analysis. Methods Mol Biol 850:399-409
Shetty, Priya B; Tang, Hua; Tayo, Bamidele O et al. (2012) Variants in CXADR and F2RL1 are associated with blood pressure and obesity in African-Americans in regions identified through admixture mapping. J Hypertens 30:1970-6
Zhu, Xiaofeng; Feng, Tao; Elston, Robert C (2012) Linkage-disequilibrium-based binning misleads the interpretation of genome-wide association studies. Am J Hum Genet 91:965-8; author reply 969-70

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