Following the introduction of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) and improved survival among HIV-infected persons, non-infectious lung diseases are hypothesized to increase as causes of morbidity and mortality. Limited evidence suggests that HIV-infected persons may be more susceptible to development of emphysema. An increase in lung cancer risk has been observed with HIV infection;we have demonstrated that this risk persists after controlling for heavy tobacco use, among HIV-infected persons. HIV infection is recognized as an independent risk factor for pulmonary hypertension;however accurate characterization of the prevalence and clinical manifestations remains elusive. To address these issues, we propose SHIELD: The Study of HIV Infection in the Etiology of Lung Disease, a collaborative and systematic investigation of lung disease among HIV-infected persons nested within three on-going HIV cohort studies in Baltimore, MD.
Our specific aims i nclude: 1) to determine the prevalence, clinical manifestations, and risk factors for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) among HIV-infected persons. Prospective evaluation will characterize the effect of HIV infection, immune deficiency, HAART use, pulmonary infections, smoking, and illicit drug use on rates of decline in lung function and on related morbidity and mortality;2) To determine incidence rates, clinical manifestations, risk factors, and mechanisms for lung cancer among HIV-infected persons, and 3) To determine the prevalence, clinical manifestations, and risk factors for pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) among HIV-infected persons. The collective experience of our HIV cohorts spans well over two decades and includes follow-up on more than 11,000 participants;active follow-up of over 4,000 HIV-infected persons are available for inclusion in focused studies of COPD, lung cancer, and PAH. SHIELD represents a consortium of investigators with multidisciplinary expertise in pulmonary medicine, HIV and infectious diseases, surgical oncology, epidemiology and biostatistics, translational imaging techniques, immunology and basic sciences. Given the established collaborative research team, the substantive existing resources and infrastructure, and the strength of our scientific methods, we anticipate a high likelihood of success in characterizing non-infectious lung disease in HIV infection and contributing to an improved understanding of mechanisms involved.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
Research Project (R01)
Project #
Application #
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZHL1-CSR-Z (S1))
Program Officer
Peavy, Hannah H
Project Start
Project End
Budget Start
Budget End
Support Year
Fiscal Year
Total Cost
Indirect Cost
Johns Hopkins University
Public Health & Prev Medicine
Schools of Public Health
United States
Zip Code
Drummond, M Bradley; Lambert, Allison A; Hussien, Amira F et al. (2017) HIV Infection Is Independently Associated with Increased CT Scan Lung Density. Acad Radiol 24:137-145
Walker-Sperling, Victoria E; Merlo, Christian A; Buckheit 3rd, Robert W et al. (2016) Short Communication: HIV Controller T Cells Effectively Inhibit Viral Replication in Alveolar Macrophages. AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses 32:1097-1099
Popescu, Iulia; Drummond, M Bradley; Gama, Lucio et al. (2016) HIV Suppression Restores the Lung Mucosal CD4+ T-Cell Viral Immune Response and Resolves CD8+ T-Cell Alveolitis in Patients at Risk for HIV-Associated Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease. J Infect Dis 214:1520-1530
Brune, Kieran A; Ferreira, Fernanda; Mandke, Pooja et al. (2016) HIV Impairs Lung Epithelial Integrity and Enters the Epithelium to Promote Chronic Lung Inflammation. PLoS One 11:e0149679
Lambert, Allison A; Drummond, M Bradley; Kisalu, Annamarie et al. (2016) Implementation of a COPD Screening Questionnaire in an Outpatient HIV Clinic. COPD 13:767-772
Drummond, M Bradley; Kunisaki, Ken M; Huang, Laurence (2016) Obstructive Lung Diseases in HIV: A Clinical Review and Identification of Key Future Research Needs. Semin Respir Crit Care Med 37:277-88
Lambert, Allison A; Kirk, Gregory D; Astemborski, Jacquie et al. (2015) HIV Infection Is Associated With Increased Risk for Acute Exacerbation of COPD. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 69:68-74
Drummond, M Bradley; Huang, Laurence; Diaz, Philip T et al. (2015) Factors associated with abnormal spirometry among HIV-infected individuals. AIDS 29:1691-700
Robert, H Brown; Robert, A Wise; Kirk, Gregory et al. (2015) Lung density changes with growth and inflation. Chest 148:995-1002
Popescu, Iulia; Drummond, M Bradley; Gama, Lucio et al. (2014) Activation-induced cell death drives profound lung CD4(+) T-cell depletion in HIV-associated chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Am J Respir Crit Care Med 190:744-55

Showing the most recent 10 out of 29 publications