Our overall goal is to create synthetic vesicles that mimic natural exosomes and microvesicles for the delivery of miRNA, antimiRNA and locked nucleic acids (LNA) to endothelial cells based on analyses of natural vesicles and imaging-based assessments of delivery. Membrane- encapsulated miRNAs circulating in human blood are known to be a mixture of microparticles (>100 nm) and exosomes (40-100 nm) which have long been thought to play a role in intercellular signaling. These microparticles contain a variety of biological components, including proteins and RNA molecules, and can effectively transfer these components from one cell type to the next. Importantly, recent evidence suggests that selective packaging of miRNAs into microparticles and exosomes is crucial to the specificity of biological function of secreted miRNAs. Preliminary data and a newly published paper from our group indicate that the anti- miR712 family can have a significant impact in the prevention of atherosclerosis. However, due to the potential off target effects of miRNA therapeutics, the creation of targeted vesicles that can enhance delivery at the target site is highly desirable. Preliminary data further demonstrate that: 1) unique antimiRNA-containing targeted vesicles produce effective knockdown in vitro and in vivo, 2) targeted synthetic vesicles accumulate with a 10-18 fold greater efficiency in regions of disturbance than surrounding tissue, 3) their accumulation is proportional to VCAM-1 expression in regions of flow disturbance (whereas the naked antimiRNA accumulates much less outside of the surgically modified carotid) and 4) the incorporation of phosphatidylserine (PS) enhances uptake of native and synthetic vehicles. We have developed the MRI, positron emission tomography and optical imaging methods required to quantify the pharmacokinetics and uptake of vesicles and miRNA. Within the proposed work, we will characterize the lipid and protein content of native vesicles and correlate these constituents with vesicle uptake. Here, we will accomplish the following aims: 1) based on an analysis of native vesicles, engineer antimiRNA and miRNA-loaded synthetic vesicles for uptake into endothelial cells and create functional knockdown. 2) Determine the pharmacokinetics, trafficking, safety and efficacy of antimiRNA- and miRNA-loaded synthetic vesicles in mouse and rabbit models.

Public Health Relevance

Our overall goal is to create synthetic vesicles that mimic natural exosomes and microvesicles for the delivery of miRNA, creating an effective treatment for atherosclerosis. We will compare the efficiency of native and synthetic particles in the delivery of antimiRNA and miRNA and also specifically assess the therapeutic efficacy of miRNA therapeutics based on the miR712 family.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
Research Project (R01)
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Special Emphasis Panel (ZRG1-SBIB-Z (03))
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Danthi, Narasimhan
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University of California Davis
Biomedical Engineering
Schools of Engineering
United States
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Heath, Jack M; Fernandez Esmerats, Joan; Khambouneheuang, Lucky et al. (2018) Mechanosensitive microRNA-181b Regulates Aortic Valve Endothelial Matrix Degradation by Targeting TIMP3. Cardiovasc Eng Technol 9:141-150
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Kumar, Sandeep; Jang, In-Hwan; Kim, Chan Woo et al. (2016) Functional screening of mammalian mechanosensitive genes using Drosophila RNAi library- Smarcd3/Bap60 is a mechanosensitive pro-inflammatory gene. Sci Rep 6:36461
Simmons, Rachel D; Kumar, Sandeep; Jo, Hanjoong (2016) The role of endothelial mechanosensitive genes in atherosclerosis and omics approaches. Arch Biochem Biophys 591:111-31
Simmons, Rachel D; Kumar, Sandeep; Thabet, Salim Raid et al. (2016) Omics-based approaches to understand mechanosensitive endothelial biology and atherosclerosis. Wiley Interdiscip Rev Syst Biol Med 8:378-401
Mitchell, Adam J; Gray, Warren D; Schroeder, Max et al. (2016) Pleomorphic Structures in Human Blood Are Red Blood Cell-Derived Microparticles, Not Bacteria. PLoS One 11:e0163582

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