Stents are the most common cardiovascular implants used in the treatment of cardiovascular diseases. However, there are concerns about in-stent restenosis with bare metal stents (BMS) and late stent thrombosis and late inflammatory responses with drug-eluting stents (DES). Despite the promise of recently developed strategies to overcome the challenges of current stents, there remain many emerging concerns and limitations. Development of innovative strategies to restore endothelial healing while limiting the risk of late stent thrombosis, inflammatory responses, and restenosis is critical for the long-term success of stents. In nature, the endothelium is the thin layer of endothelial cells and underlying nanofibrillar basement membrane that modulates vascular tone by release of soluble factors, such as nitric oxide (NO). Endothelial dysfunction or the injury of endothelium is a hallmark of vascular diseases. The inevitable injury to this multifunctional endothelium associated with stent deployment triggers the cascade of restenosis and thrombosis. The goal of this application is to demonstrate the prohealing effects of the novel multifunctional endothelium nanomatrix coated stent, which will minimize the risks of late stent thrombosis, restenosis, inflammatory responses, and incomplete endothelialization. The overall hypothesis of this application is that the prohealing multifunctional endothelium nanomatrix can enhance the efficacy of the stent by promoting endothelial healing on the surface of the stent.
Three specific aims are proposed to test this hypothesis:
Specific Aim 1 : To evaluate the synergistic prohealing effects of multiple components of the endothelium mimicking, self-assembled nanomatrix.
Specific Aim 2 : To determine the influence of hemodynamics on the prohealing multifunctional endothelium nanomatrix coated stent using a rabbit artery simulating bioreactor.
Specific Aim 3 : To validate the efficacy of the prohealing multifunctional endothelium nanomatrix coated stent on vasodilation of rabbit arteries ex vivo and enhanced endothelial healing in a rabbit iliac artery balloon injury model in vivo.
These aims provide a paradigm changing approach that will circumvent the significant healthcare risks of current stents.

Public Health Relevance

Stents are the most common cardiovascular implants used in the treatment of cardiovascular diseases. However, there are concerns about complications with current stents. Development of innovative strategies to minimize the risk of late stent thrombosis, inflammatory responses, restenosis, and incomplete endothelialization are critical for success of stents.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
Research Project (R01)
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Biomaterials and Biointerfaces Study Section (BMBI)
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Lee, Albert
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University of Alabama Birmingham
Biomedical Engineering
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United States
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