Pediatric cardiac arrest affects thousands of hospitalized children each year. Progressive heart and lung failure is a predisposing cause in the majority of these events. While cardiac arrest survival outcomes have improved over the last decade, more than half of these children will not live to hospital discharge. As brain injury complicates care in those who do survive, the burden to these children and the public's health is substantial. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) - the medical procedure of providing chest compressions and ventilations during cardiac arrest - is lifesaving, and higher quality CPR is more effective at doing so. However, providing high quality care during the resuscitation of a child is difficult. Attempts to improve care through conventional training methods have not been successful; therefore, interventions to improve the quality of pediatric CPR and outcomes are needed. The objective of this study is to determine if a novel resuscitation care improvement bundle that improved outcomes in a single center intensive care unit (ICU) efficacy study is generalizable to other pediatric institutions in a multi-center effectiveness trial. The ICU-Resuscitation (ICU-RESUS) bundle includes: 1) CPR training at the point-of-care (in the ICU rather than a classroom away from patients); and 2) interdisciplinary structured reviews of each cardiac arrest that emphasize patient-centric physiology intended to optimize intra- arrest and post-arrest care. The ICU-RESUS bundle substantially improved CPR quality and nearly doubled the number of children surviving their event during the single center efficacy trial. In ths application, a multi- institutional stepped-wedge cluster-randomized trial, which leverages the existing infrastructure of the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD)-funded Collaborative Pediatric Critical Care Research Network (CPCCRN), is proposed with the following aims: 1) Evaluate the effectiveness of the ICU-RESUS interventional bundle to improve outcomes of children treated for an ICU cardiac arrest; and 2) Evaluate the effectiveness of the ICU-RESUS interventional bundle to improve the quality of CPR provided by ICU healthcare providers in the population of children treated for an ICU cardiac arrest. The goal of this investigation is to establish that an interdisciplinary resuscitaion care bundle improves CPR quality and outcomes of children who have an ICU cardiac arrest. The proposed R01 application will save lives in the short term, and ultimately by influencing the American Heart Association's Emergency Cardiovascular Care Guidelines for children, improve the care provided to thousands of hospitalized children in the future.
Pediatric cardiac arrest affects thousands of hospitalized children each year. High quality cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) saves lives, but is difficult to achieve. The objective of this study is to determine if a novel patient-centric resuscitation cae improvement bundle consisting of bedside CPR training and multidisciplinary reviews of each cardiac arrest improves CPR quality and survival outcomes in a multi-center trial.
|Reeder, Ron W; Girling, Alan; Wolfe, Heather et al. (2018) Improving outcomes after pediatric cardiac arrest - the ICU-Resuscitation Project: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial. Trials 19:213|