Title: Epigenetic Mechanisms of Developmental Regulation of Fetal, Newborn, and Adult Cerebral Artery Sympathetic Innervation and Alpha1 Adrenergic Receptor Subtypes Project Summary: During the past half century there has been the rising rate of preterm birth combined with a lowering of the age limit of viability. The premature fetus is more prone to germinal matrix and other intracerebral hemorrhage, intraventricular hemorrhage, and related problems as a consequence of stress during the process of birth. In contrast, the term-fetus is able to autoregulate cerebral blood ?ow (CBF) despite the increase in systemic pressure and minimize the occurrence of stress-induced hemorrhages. Recently, we have demonstrated that lack of cerebral blood ?ow (CBF) autoregulation in the premature fetus is associated with immaturity of the sympathetic (adrenergic) system. In concert with this, we also have demonstrated that the adrenergic system undergoes a signi?cant maturation with development. In the proposed studies, we attempt to determine the mechanisms by which the premature fetus can have greater cerebral autoregulation capability, as observed in the newborn lamb. In the ?rst three speci?c aims, ex-vivo, we will examine the role of DNA methylation, histone modi?cations, microRNA, and lncRNA on the expression of the three alpha 1 adrenergic receptor subtypes in premature fetus, near-term fetus, newborn lamb, and adult sheep. In the fourth speci?c aim, in vivo, in the chronically catheterized preterm fetus, near-term fetus, newborn lamb, and adult sheep, we will determine the effect of DNA methylation, histone modi?cations, microRNAs, lncRNA, and alpha 1-adrenergic receptor subtypes in CBF regulation with development in both the sexes. Overall, these studies will provide vital insights in the sympathetic regulation of CBF with development, and suggest approaches to prevent or ameliorate CBF dysregulation.

Public Health Relevance

. At every stage of life, regulation of blood ?ow to the brain is of critical importance. Many individual, suffer from dysregulation of cerebrovascular blood ?ow with intracerebral hemorrhage and severe long-term neurological sequelae. Scienti?cally, the proposed studies will test several important hypotheses in an attempt to augment our understanding of basic mechanisms whereby blood vessels to the brain undergo both morphologic change and signi?cant changes in signal transduction mechanisms with development. From a clinical standpoint, these studies will provide important leads for the prevention and treatment of dysregulation of cerebral blood ?ow throughout development.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
Research Project (R01)
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Pregnancy and Neonatology Study Section (PN)
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Galis, Zorina S
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Loma Linda University
Other Basic Sciences
Schools of Medicine
Loma Linda
United States
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Mata-Greenwood, Eugenia; Goyal, Dipali; Goyal, Ravi (2017) Comparative and Experimental Studies on the Genes Altered by Chronic Hypoxia in Human Brain Microendothelial Cells. Front Physiol 8:365