This application is a request for competitive renewal or our research on the diagnosis and phenomenology of schizophrenia. The work aims to understand the phenomenology of schizophrenia in terms of its underlying mechanisms, refine our definition of its phenotype, and describe the lifelong trajectory of the illness and its long-term outcome. Since the disorder is characterized by a prolonged lifetime course, longitudinal study of informative cohorts is one of the most powerful strategies for understanding its mechanisms and defining its phenotype. This project seeks to refine the definition of the phenotype of schizophrenia by examining the predictive validity of two different competing models in a large sample of first episode and recent onset patients who are followed longitudinally at multiple time points. One approach, a tridimensional model that defines the phenotype using three symptom clusters (psychoticism, disorganization, and negative symptoms) is currently widely accepted and studied. The second approach proposes a new unitary model of schizophrenia as defined at the systems level by a fundamental cognitive deficit (""""""""cognitive dysmetria"""""""") and at the neural level by an abnormality in cortical-cerebellar-thalamic-cerebellar circuitry (CCTCC). The predictive validity of these two models will be compared using four validators derived from the evaluation of long-term course: clinical outcome psychosocial outcome, cognition, and brain morphology.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH)
Type
Research Project (R01)
Project #
5R01MH031593-20
Application #
6538546
Study Section
Clinical Psychopathology Review Committee (CPP)
Program Officer
Heinssen, Robert K
Project Start
1985-09-01
Project End
2004-06-30
Budget Start
2002-07-01
Budget End
2003-06-30
Support Year
20
Fiscal Year
2002
Total Cost
$771,863
Indirect Cost
Name
University of Iowa
Department
Psychiatry
Type
Schools of Medicine
DUNS #
041294109
City
Iowa City
State
IA
Country
United States
Zip Code
52242
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Andreasen, Nancy C; Nopoulos, Peg; Magnotta, Vincent et al. (2011) Progressive brain change in schizophrenia: a prospective longitudinal study of first-episode schizophrenia. Biol Psychiatry 70:672-9

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