Conflictual and dysfunctional intimate relationships are a major cause of unhappiness in adulthood and are associated with areas of national concern such as domestic violence, high divorce rates, and problems for children of such relationships. Domestic violence is the leading cause of injuries to women 15-44 years of age. Romantic relationships may also have positive effects, such as the effect that a skilled female partner may have on a male's adjustment. The current proposal addresses three major topics regarding young-adult romantic relationships for an ongoing, at-risk sample of males. The first pertains to the occurrence of aggression both physical and psychological, in the relationship. In particular, theoretical models related to stability or change in such aggression during the young-adult period will be tested. Second, prediction models of instability of romantic relationships, particularly the breakdown of more committed relationships in young adulthood, will be tested. In turn, the effect of such breakdowns on the male's trajectory, including antisocial behavior, will be examined. Third, the extent to which characteristics of the female partner affect the young-adult trajectory of the male, particularly regarding improvement in antisocial behavior, will be examined. Within each of these areas, the influence of selection factors, including assortative partnering, will be examined. The current proposal addresses these topics with two further waves of data collection for males (in their mid 20s) who were first recruited into the Oregon Youth Study (OYS) in Grade 4 (current N = 204, a 99% retention rate over 13-14 years). Time 1 and Time 2 assessments with romantic partners were already collected (or are underway) at age 17-20 and 20-23. Assessments will be multi-method, multi-agent, and will include interviews, questionnaires, records data, and a videotaped problem-solving task for the young couple. In the proposed period we will take a person-environment interaction approach to examine the developmental, contextual, partner and dyadic process factors that predict stability and change in aggression, antisocial behavior, and adjustment through the 20s, a time of young-adult transition.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH)
Research Project (R01)
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Special Emphasis Panel (ZMH1-BRB-K (12))
Program Officer
Breiling, James P
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Oregon Social Learning Center, Inc.
United States
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Kim, Hyoun K; Pears, Katherine C; Capaldi, Deborah M et al. (2009) Emotion dysregulation in the intergenerational transmission of romantic relationship conflict. J Fam Psychol 23:585-95
Capaldi, Deborah M; Kim, Hyoun K; Shortt, Joann Wu (2007) Observed Initiation and Reciprocity of Physical Aggression in Young, At-Risk Couples. J Fam Violence 22:101-111
Stoolmiller, Mike; Kim, Hyoun K; Capaldi, Deborah M (2005) The course of depressive symptoms in men from early adolescence to young adulthood: identifying latent trajectories and early predictors. J Abnorm Psychol 114:331-45
Kim, Hyoun K; Capaldi, Deborah M (2004) The association of antisocial behavior and depressive symptoms between partners and risk for aggression in romantic relationships. J Fam Psychol 18:82-96
Shortt, Joann Wu; Capaldi, Deborah M; Dishion, Thomas J et al. (2003) The role of adolescent friends, romantic partners, and siblings in the emergence of the adult antisocial lifestyle. J Fam Psychol 17:521-33
Capaldi, Deborah M; Pears, Katherine C; Patterson, Gerald R et al. (2003) Continuity of parenting practices across generations in an at-risk sample: a prospective comparison of direct and mediated associations. J Abnorm Child Psychol 31:127-42
Kim, Hyoun K; Capaldi, Deborah M; Stoolmiller, Mike (2003) Depressive symptoms across adolescence and young adulthood in men: predictions from parental and contextual risk factors. Dev Psychopathol 15:469-95
Capaldi, Deborah M; Stoolmiller, Mike; Clark, Sara et al. (2002) Heterosexual risk behaviors in at-risk young men from early adolescence to young adulthood: prevalence, prediction, and association with STD contraction. Dev Psychol 38:394-406
Pears, K C; Capaldi, D M (2001) Intergenerational transmission of abuse: a two-generational prospective study of an at-risk sample. Child Abuse Negl 25:1439-61
Capaldi, D M; Dishion, T J; Stoolmiller, M et al. (2001) Aggression toward female partners by at-risk young men: the contribution of male adolescent friendships. Dev Psychol 37:61-73

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