One hundred thirty adolescent females (ages 12- 16) referred from the juvenile justice system will be randomly assigned to one of two treatment conditions: Treatment Foster Care (TFC) or Group Care (GC). All participating girls will have been screened and recommended for placement in out-of-home care. In TFC one girl is placed in a family home where the foster parents have been recruited and trained, and are supervised to provide a set of treatment components that are hypothesized to be related to specific short- and long-term outcomes. In GC, girls are placed with from 6 to 13 peers who are experiencing similar problems with delinquency. The purpose of the study is twofold: to systematically evaluate the short-and long-term outcomes of subjects participating in the experimental intervention (TFC) relative to those in the control condition, and to evaluate the contribution of the treatment components to immediate and longer-term outcomes. At the group level, we expect that girls in TFC relative to those in GC will, in the short run, experience less association with antisocial peers; fewer negative departures from treatment, more contact with prosocial peers, better school adjustment and performance, and fewer high-risk sexual contacts. Long-term, we expect girls in TFC relative to those in GC to have less delinquency and drug use, better relationships with non-antisocial romantic partners, higher rates of school completions, better occupational functioning, and fewer early pregnancies and sexually transmitted diseases. At the individual level, we hypothesize that to the extent that girls receive key treatment components (i.e., close supervision, consistent discipline, negotiation/anger expression skills, monitoring and help with school work, education on avoiding high-risk sexual contacts) they will have better short- and long-term outcomes regardless of placement, condition. Further, we expect that to the extent that the girl's post-treatment living situation supports these components, she will do well in follow- up. Multimethod/multiagent measures will be used to form indicators of constructs of treatment components and outcomes. MANOVAs will be used to test for group-level effects and multiple regressions analyses will be used to examine the contribution of treatment components an characteristics of living situation to individual-level outcomes.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH)
Research Project (R01)
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Special Emphasis Panel (ZMH1-BRB-D (O4))
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Hibbs, Euthymia D
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Oregon Social Learning Center, Inc.
United States
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Leve, Leslie D; Van Ryzin, Mark J; Harold, Gordon T (2017) Dr. Leve et al. reply. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 56:90
Rhoades, Kimberly A; Leve, Leslie D; Eddy, J Mark et al. (2016) Predicting the transition from juvenile delinquency to adult criminality: Gender-specific influences in two high-risk samples. Crim Behav Ment Health 26:336-351
Leve, Leslie D; Khurana, Atika; Reich, Emily B (2015) Intergenerational transmission of maltreatment: A multilevel examination. Dev Psychopathol 27:1429-42
Leve, Leslie D; Van Ryzin, Mark J; Chamberlain, Patricia (2015) Sexual Risk Behavior and STI Contraction Among Young Women With Prior Juvenile Justice Involvement. J HIV AIDS Soc Serv 14:171-187
Weller, Joshua A; Leve, Leslie D; Kim, Hyoun K et al. (2015) Plasticity of risky decision making among maltreated adolescents: Evidence from a randomized controlled trial. Dev Psychopathol 27:535-51
Rabinovitch, Sara M; Kerr, David C R; Leve, Leslie D et al. (2015) Suicidal Behavior Outcomes of Childhood Sexual Abuse: Longitudinal Study of Adjudicated Girls. Suicide Life Threat Behav 45:431-47
Kerr, David C R; DeGarmo, David S; Leve, Leslie D et al. (2014) Juvenile justice girls' depressive symptoms and suicidal ideation 9 years after Multidimensional Treatment Foster Care. J Consult Clin Psychol 82:684-93
Marsiglio, Mary C; Chronister, Krista M; Gibson, Brandon et al. (2014) Examining the link between traumatic events and delinquency among juvenile delinquent girls: A longitudinal study. J Child Adolesc Trauma 7:217-225
Mendle, Jane; Leve, Leslie D; Van Ryzin, Mark et al. (2014) Linking Childhood Maltreatment with Girls' Internalizing Symptoms: Early Puberty as a Tipping Point. J Res Adolesc 24:689-702
Kerr, David C R; Gibson, Brandon; Leve, Leslie D et al. (2014) Young adult follow-up of adolescent girls in juvenile justice using the Columbia suicide severity rating scale. Suicide Life Threat Behav 44:113-29

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