The proposed research aims to build a knowledge base about partner violence among young adults, the peak risk group. Specific hypotheses address: (a) developmental pathways from childhood into partner-violence, (b) changes in proximal, contextual circumstances that precipitate incidents of partner violence, (c) relations between partner violence and mental disorders, (d) typological comparisons of partner-violence perpetrators, (e) effects of exposure to parental violence on the children of study participants, and (f) a comparison of findings across sites in two countries. Perpetration and victimization will be measured for both men and women in the longitudinal Dunedin Multidisciplinary Health and Development Study, which follows a representative 1972 birth cohort of 1,000 New Zealand men and women to age 26. Findings will be replicated and extended by measuring men s perpetration and victimization in the longitudinal Pittsburgh Youth Study, which follows a high-risk 7th grade cohort of 500 Black and White urban American men to age 24. Analyses will ascertain relations between the sample members partner violence and independent variables drawn from extensive longitudinal data gathered over many years for these two cohorts, their parents, and their children. The proposed research is expected to contribute: (1) a knowledge base for a developmental theory of the etiology of men s violence against women partners, (2) recommendations for the timing and content of primary preventions and therapeutic interventions, (3) information about contextual factors that may control perpetrators behavior and reduce victims risk, (4) information about how mental health professionals can screen male patients for their risk for perpetration, and (5) information about protective factors that can help children exposed to parental violence. By comparing results across genders, races, and sites in two different nations, the investigators aim to document which findings about young partner violence are robust enough to inform theory, practice, and policy.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH)
Research Project (R01)
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Violence and Traumatic Stress Review Committee (VTS)
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Breiling, James P
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University of Wisconsin Madison
Schools of Arts and Sciences
United States
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Ehrensaft, Miriam K; Moffitt, Terrie E; Caspi, Avshalom (2006) Is domestic violence followed by an increased risk of psychiatric disorders among women but not among men? A longitudinal cohort study. Am J Psychiatry 163:885-92
Broidy, Lisa M; Nagin, Daniel S; Tremblay, Richard E et al. (2003) Developmental trajectories of childhood disruptive behaviors and adolescent delinquency: a six-site, cross-national study. Dev Psychol 39:222-45
Sluyter, Frans; Arseneault, Louise; Moffitt, Terrie E et al. (2003) Toward an animal model for antisocial behavior: parallels between mice and humans. Behav Genet 33:563-74
Moffitt, Terrie E; Caspi, Avshalom; Harrington, Honalee et al. (2002) Males on the life-course-persistent and adolescence-limited antisocial pathways: follow-up at age 26 years. Dev Psychopathol 14:179-207
Robins, Richard W; Caspi, Avshalom; Moffitt, Terrie E (2002) It's not just who you're with, it's who you are: personality and relationship experiences across multiple relationships. J Pers 70:925-64
Jaffee, S; Caspi, A; Moffitt, T E et al. (2001) Why are children born to teen mothers at risk for adverse outcomes in young adulthood? Results from a 20-year longitudinal study. Dev Psychopathol 13:377-97
Moffitt, T E; Caspi, A (2001) Childhood predictors differentiate life-course persistent and adolescence-limited antisocial pathways among males and females. Dev Psychopathol 13:355-75
Roberts, B W; Caspi, A; Moffitt, T E (2001) The kids are alright: growth and stability in personality development from adolescence to adulthood. J Pers Soc Psychol 81:670-83
Jaffee, S R; Caspi, A; Moffitt, T E et al. (2001) Predicting early fatherhood and whether young fathers live with their children: prospective findings and policy reconsiderations. J Child Psychol Psychiatry 42:803-15
Ramrakha, S; Caspi, A; Dickson, N et al. (2000) Psychiatric disorders and risky sexual behaviour in young adulthood: cross sectional study in birth cohort. BMJ 321:263-6

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