To test the long-term effects of a family and school intervention for the prevention of conduct problems in African American children enrolled in Pre-K programs in public elementary schools in socio- economically disadvantaged, urban communities. Rationale: Evidence documents that early conduct problems carry significant liability. They predict later antisocial behavior, and confer major disadvantage to children, families, and society. This application addresses this important public health concern. Hypotheses: Compared to no-intervention control, universal intervention will lead to fewer conduct problems in 1st and 2nd grade and better school functioning by 3rd grade. Parenting practices, teaching practices, parent-school involvement and child socio-emotional competence are predicted to mediate intervention effects on conduct problems and school functioning. Child and family risk factors are expected to moderate intervention effects such that high- risk children reap greater benefits than low-risk children. Design: Children from 10 schools with Pre-K programs in disadvantaged neighborhoods randomized to universal intervention or to a no-intervention control condition (N = 1040 4-year-olds) will be assessed in 1st and 2nd grade via observations of aggressive behavior and rule violations in the classroom, diagnostic interviews and parent and teacher reports. Achievement testing will be conducted in 1st and 2nd grade with record review in 3rd grade. Universal Intervention includes: 1) ParentCorps: After-school groups for families of Pre-K students co-facilitated by school personnel to promote effective parenting practices, parent-school involvement and child socio-emotional competence;and 2) TeacherCorps: Training for Pre-K, K and 1st grade teachers and other school personnel in classroom management, promotion of socio-emotional competence, and strategies for building family-school partnerships.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH)
Research Project (R01)
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Application #
Study Section
Psychosocial Development, Risk and Prevention Study Section (PDRP)
Program Officer
Goldstein, Amy B
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New York University
Schools of Medicine
New York
United States
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Dawson-McClure, Spring; Calzada, Esther J; Brotman, Laurie M (2017) Engaging Parents in Preventive Interventions for Young Children: Working with Cultural Diversity Within Low-Income, Urban Neighborhoods. Prev Sci 18:660-670
Brotman, Laurie Miller; Dawson-McClure, Spring; Kamboukos, Dimitra et al. (2016) Effects of ParentCorps in Prekindergarten on Child Mental Health and Academic Performance: Follow-up of a Randomized Clinical Trial Through 8 Years of Age. JAMA Pediatr 170:1149-1155
Palamar, Joseph J; Calzada, Esther J; Theise, Rachelle et al. (2015) Family- and Neighborhood-Level Factors as Predictors of Conduct Problems in School among Young, Urban, Minority Children. Behav Med 41:177-85
Dawson-McClure, Spring; Calzada, Esther; Huang, Keng-Yen et al. (2015) A population-level approach to promoting healthy child development and school success in low-income, urban neighborhoods: impact on parenting and child conduct problems. Prev Sci 16:279-90
Calzada, Esther; Barajas-Gonzalez, R Gabriela; Dawson-McClure, Spring et al. (2015) Early Academic Achievement Among American Low-Income Black Students from Immigrant and Non-Immigrant Families. Prev Sci 16:1159-68
Brotman, Laurie Miller; Dawson-McClure, Spring; Calzada, Esther J et al. (2013) Cluster (school) RCT of ParentCorps: impact on kindergarten academic achievement. Pediatrics 131:e1521-9