The long-term goal of the proposed four year project is to improve the quality of care and therefore the quality of life of nursing home residents in a cost-effective manner.
The specific aims are to: 1. Determine if resident outcomes are improved when scientifically-derived protocols are implemented by APNs for the following resident problems: a) incontinence, b) pressure sores, c) depression, and d) disruptive behavior. (Protocol/APN Only Intervention) 2. Determine if resident outcomes using the Protocol/APN-Only Intervention are improved by the inclusion of the APN in the following organizational roles: inservice educator, participant in organization-wide quality assurance activities; and consultant to staff. (Organizational Intervention, Stage 1) 3. Determine if resident outcomes using the Protocol/APN Intervention plus the Organizational Intervention, Stage 1 are improved further by adding the following organizational changes: nursing grand rounds, quality circles, and in-house resource teams with expertise in each of the protocols. (Organizational Intervention, Stage 2) 4. Determine if scientifically-derived protocols used by advanced practice nurses reduce the costs of nursing home care for: a) residents; b) nursing homes, and c) third party payers. 5. Determine if the addition of Organizational Interventions to the Protocol/APN Intervention further reduces the cost of nursing home care for a) residents, b) nursing homes, and c) third party payers. 6. Determine if staff outcomes (job satisfaction, turnover, and perception of the organizational climate) are improved by the Protocol/APN-Only Intervention, the Protocol/APN Intervention plus the Organizational Intervention Stage 1, and the Protocol/APN Intervention plus the Organizational Intervention Stage 2. The quasi-experimental design will randomly assign the two treatments and the control to three nursing homes that are comparable with respect to a number of relevant characteristics. Three cohorts of newly admitted residents at each facility will comprise the sample (N= 108 per facility). Resident outcomes to be measured include length of nursing home stay, use of emergency department, number of hospitalizations and days hospitalized, Presence and stage of pressure sores, presence and frequency of incontinence, mental status, morale, presence and level of depression, presence and extent of disruptive behavior, stress level, and functional status. In addition, data will be obtained on resident and family satisfaction, staff job satisfaction, turnover, absenteeism, and selected fiscal outcomes. Findings from the study will provide information about the efficacy of specific intervention protocols for incontinence, pressure sores, depression, and disruptive behavior in terms of both resident and fiscal outcomes. In addition, comparisons will be made between resident outcomes with and without the implementation of scientifically-derived protocols by an APN and with and without the addition of organizational interventions.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Institute of Nursing Research (NINR)
Type
Research Project (R01)
Project #
1R01NR003490-01
Application #
3392973
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (SRC (02))
Project Start
1993-09-15
Project End
1997-08-31
Budget Start
1993-09-15
Budget End
1994-08-31
Support Year
1
Fiscal Year
1993
Total Cost
Indirect Cost
Name
University of Minnesota Twin Cities
Department
Type
Schools of Nursing
DUNS #
168559177
City
Minneapolis
State
MN
Country
United States
Zip Code
55455
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Ryden, M B; Snyder, M; Gross, C R et al. (2000) Value-added outcomes: the use of advanced practice nurses in long-term care facilities. Gerontologist 40:654-62
Ryden, M B; Pearson, V; Kaas, M J et al. (1999) Nursing interventions for depression in newly admitted nursing home residents. J Gerontol Nurs 25:20-9
Snyder, M; Pearson, V; Hanscom, J et al. (1998) Barriers to progress in urinary incontinence: achieving quality assessments. Geriatr Nurs 19:77-80
Ryden, M B; Pearson, V; Kaas, M J et al. (1998) Assessment of depression in a population at risk ... newly admitted nursing home residents. J Gerontol Nurs 24:21-9