MicroRNA dysregulation and bladder cancer prognosis. Bladder cancer is the fourth most common malignancy in U.S. men. More than half of non-muscle invasive urothelial cell carcinoma patients experience recurrent disease. Among the most clinically challenging cases are those with histologies that denote poor differentiation or carcinoma in situ features (high grade Ta, T1, or Tis). Some of these patients have frequently recurring tumors that are refractory to treatment, but it is difficult to predict which patients have this phenotype. The objective of this proposal is to identify prognostic markers of this rapidly recurrent phenotype in the primary tumor tissue. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are stable, non-protein coding RNA molecules that are frequently dysregulated during tumorigenesis. No previous miRNA studies in urothelial carcinoma have focused on comprehensively identifying prognostic miRNAs within the clinically challenging, non-muscle invasive tumor types. We have assembled a unique population-based tissue bank of bladder tumors with extensive, long-term recurrence, progression, and survival data from a large epidemiologic cohort encompassing n=1062 non- muscle invasive urothelial cell carcinoma patients. We first plan to identify the miRNAs associated with rapid recurrence by comprehensively assessing primary tumor tissue specimens for miRNA expression levels using small RNA sequence count analysis (RNA-Seq). We will integrate our results with information from the literature to prioritize the prognostic miRNAs. We will technically confirm the priority miRNA expression levels by reverse-transcription and quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR), and will evaluate the miRNA distribution in urothelial carcinoma cells versus other cell-types using in situ hybridization. Finally, we will evaluate the prognostic value of the prioritized miRNA in relation to recurrence, progression and survival using our large population-based case cohort. Successful identification of a prognostic dysregulated miRNA will help tailor management of clinically challenging bladder cancer cases by enabling early detection of rapidly recurrent and refractory phenotypes. The dysregulated miRNAs that we identify are also potentially viable therapeutic targets and could lead to the future development of novel anti-miR or miRNA-replacement therapies for this malignancy. !
A subset of clinically challenging non-muscle invasive bladder tumors can recur rapidly and are refractory to treatment. We propose to find microRNA markers for the tumors at the highest-risk of recurrence and test them in a large patient population. These microRNAs will enable individualized clinical management and are also potential new therapeutic targets.
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