Electrophysiological (EEG) measures of neural synchronization and oscillations are abnormal in schizophrenia and may contribute to deficits in perceptual and cognitive processing. It has been hypothesized that these oscillatory deficits may be produced by disturbances in GABA and glutamatergic interactions within cortical and thalamocortical circuits. While oscillatory measures could provide a neurophysiological probe into a putative mechanism for schizophrenia, the neural basis for these disturbances and their relation to risk factors for the disorder, are little understood. This translational investigation will use complementary studies of patients with schizophrenia spectrum disorders and a ketamine rodent model of schizophrenia to investigate oscillatory disturbances as a potential biomarker for schizophrenia. Three types of responses will be analyzed in the frequency domain: a) oscillatory activity entrained to periodic stimuli (auditory steady state response or ASSR);2) gamma activity induced by tones;and 3) frequency domain analysis of sensory gating. In the human study, four groups will be compared: 1) Patients with schizophrenia, 2) subjects with schizotypal personality, a phenotype which shares symptoms with schizophrenia, 3) siblings of patients with schizophrenia, and 4) healthy control subjects. This human data will test whether these deficits in synchronization meet key criteria for an endophenotype in the disorder, or are state indicators for clinical psychosis. In the ketamine rodent model, we will test the sensitivity of these measures to acute and chronic administration of ketamine, a potent NMDA antagonist, and determine whether these are reversed by treatment with an atypical antipsychotic medication, olanzapine, or a glycine transporter 1 (GlyT1)-inhibitor N[3-(4'-flurophenyl)-3-(4'-phenylphenoxy) propyl]sarcosine (NFPS). The animal studies will therefore yield in-vivo evidence of the sensitivity of time-frequency measures to a well-validated rodent model of schizophrenia, and whether these measures are affected by anti-psychotic medications. These results may help identify neurophysiological biomarkers which index disturbances of synchronization and oscillations in schizophrenia, test the validity of these biomarkers in a rodent model, and evaluate the potential of these measures to evaluate treatment effects.

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Recordings of EEG activity (brainwaves) in schizophrenia show that responses to stimulation often show disturbed synchronization or oscillations. This project will study EEG oscillations in humans and in a rat model of schizophrenia. These results could help in understanding the neural mechanisms responsible for the disorder, and identify biomarkers in studies of genetic factors and treatment response.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH)
Exploratory/Developmental Grants (R21)
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Special Emphasis Panel (ZRG1-BDCN-N (03))
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Meinecke, Douglas L
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Indiana University Bloomington
Schools of Arts and Sciences
United States
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