The goal of this project is to develop a comprehensive framework for analyzing inequality in capabilities over the life course, with a focus on midlife to late life outcomes. Capabilities are the capacities to act. They shape the opportunity sets available to persons at each stage of their life cycle. We seek support to create a Research Network on the Determinants of Life Course Capabilities and Outcomes. Participants in the network will be leaders in their fields. The network will span disciplines including economics, psychology, genetics, sociology, and statistics. It will build on and extend existing collaborations and networks in place. The goal is to synthesize and extend understanding of the measurement and development of capabilities. New approaches for both measurement and development will be assessed and disseminated through training workshops. We will train a new generation of scholars not limited by traditional field boundaries. Scientific meetings will facilitate communication between psychologists, economists, geneticists, and others on frontier research topics. Alternative perspectives on the same research question will be presented;areas of commonality as well as differences will be identified and charted. Workshop content will emerge year by year in light of the findings reported at each conference. A pilot grant program will permit us to commission research projects which instantiate the syntheses that we envision emerging from these exchanges. Training workshops, which will focus on graduate students and new professionals, will provide mechanisms for creating a long-run research program training scholars in the tools and perspectives of the various disciplines.

Public Health Relevance

The work of the research network will focus on understanding the variation in life course outcomes and so will facilitate basic understanding of processes by which inequality and disadvantage emerge. By extension, this research will facilitate policy evaluation, as well as the design of new policies.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Institute on Aging (NIA)
Resource-Related Research Projects (R24)
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Special Emphasis Panel (ZAG1)
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Phillips, John
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University of Chicago
Schools of Arts and Sciences
United States
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Heckman, James J; Humphries, John Eric; Veramendi, Gregory (2018) Returns to Education: The Causal Effects of Education on Earnings, Health, and Smoking. J Polit Econ 126:S197-S246
Park, Daeun; Yu, Alisa; Metz, Sarah E et al. (2018) Beliefs About Stress Attenuate the Relation Among Adverse Life Events, Perceived Distress, and Self-Control. Child Dev 89:2059-2069
Heckman, James J; Pinto, Rodrigo (2018) Unordered Monotonicity. Econometrica 86:35
Wiese, Christopher W; Tay, Louis; Duckworth, Angela L et al. (2018) Too much of a good thing? Exploring the inverted-U relationship between self-control and happiness. J Pers 86:380-396
Heckman, James J; García, Jorge Luís (2017) Social Policy: Targeting programs effectively. Nat Hum Behav 1:
Duckworth, Angela L; Seligman, Martin E P (2017) The Science and Practice of Self-Control. Perspect Psychol Sci 12:715-718
Park, Daeun; Tsukayama, Eli; Goodwin, Geoffrey P et al. (2017) A tripartite taxonomy of character: Evidence for intrapersonal, interpersonal, and intellectual competencies in children. Contemp Educ Psychol 48:16-27
Heckman, James J; Singer, Burton (2017) Abducting Economics. Am Econ Rev 107:298-302
Landersø, Rasmus; Heckman, James J (2017) The Scandinavian Fantasy: The Sources of Intergenerational Mobility in Denmark and the US. Scand J Econ 119:178-230
Hai, Rong; Heckman, James J (2017) Inequality in Human Capital and Endogenous Credit Constraints. Rev Econ Dyn 25:4-36

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