The proposed research aims to analyze patterns of several dimensions of religiosity, to create multidimensional measurement models of these constructs, and to structurally model their effects on other endogenous constructs, including health status and psychological well-being. Exogenous constructs include education, income, marital status, and other correlates or predictors of religiosity or the other latent constructs. Through replicated secondary data analysis using seven national or regional datasets on aging, differences in these patterns and the factorial invariance of these measurement models and structural effects of religiosity will be examined comparatively by gender, race and ethnicity, and age. Both cross-sectional and multiwave panel models will be analyzed, and several multivariable and multivariate statistical techniques will be employed. These include analysis of covariance with multiple-comparison tests, confirmatory factor analysis, and structural-equation modeling. The latter two analyses will be conducted using LISREL-7.16 and EQS/EM-3.0, statistical software packages for covariance-structure modeling. The seven datasets to be used include the NORC General Social Survey, the NCOA Myth and Reality of Aging survey, the Quality of American Life survey, the National Survey of Black Americans, the Americans' Changing Lives study, the Three-Generations Study of Mexican Americans, and the San Antonio Longitudinal Study of Older Mexican Americans. In sum, the proposed research seeks to advance empirical health-related research on religiosity within gerontology through (a) the use of covariance-structure modeling techniques, (b) confirmation of multidimensional latent constructs for measuring religiosity, (c) multisample and split-sample replication, (d) the positing of alternative, testable, operational models based on mid-range theory, and (e) a comparative approach focused on gender, race and ethnicity, and age.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Institute on Aging (NIA)
First Independent Research Support & Transition (FIRST) Awards (R29)
Project #
Application #
Study Section
Human Development and Aging Subcommittee 3 (HUD)
Project Start
Project End
Budget Start
Budget End
Support Year
Fiscal Year
Total Cost
Indirect Cost
Eastern Virginia Medical School
Schools of Medicine
United States
Zip Code
Levin, J S; Taylor, R J (1997) Age differences in patterns and correlates of the frequency of prayer. Gerontologist 37:75-88
Levin, J S; Glass, T A; Kushi, L H et al. (1997) Quantitative methods in research on complementary and alternative medicine. A methodological manifesto. NIH Office of Alternative Medicine. Med Care 35:1079-94
Levin, J S (1996) How prayer heals: a theoretical model. Altern Ther Health Med 2:66-73
Levin, J S (1996) How religion influences morbidity and health: reflections on natural history, salutogenesis and host resistance. Soc Sci Med 43:849-64
Levin, J S; Cole, T R (1996) ""Song of ourselves"": a quantitative history of American autobiographies. Gerontologist 36:448-53
Levin, J S; Markides, K S; Ray, L A (1996) Religious attendance and psychological well-being in Mexican Americans: a panel analysis of three-generations data. Gerontologist 36:454-63
Levin, J S; Chatters, L M; Taylor, R J (1995) Religious effects on health status and life satisfaction among black Americans. J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci 50:S154-63
Levin, J S (1994) Religion and health: is there an association, is it valid, and is it causal? Soc Sci Med 38:1475-82
Levin, J S; Taylor, R J; Chatters, L M (1994) Race and gender differences in religiosity among older adults: findings from four national surveys. J Gerontol 49:S137-45
Levin, J S (1993) Age differences in mystical experience. Gerontologist 33:507-13

Showing the most recent 10 out of 13 publications