The goal of the research proposed in this grant is to better define the structure and function of a specific human neutrophil (PMN) receptor that mediates PMN adherence to laminin, a major basement membrane glycoprotein. Data presented here demonstrate that PMN adherence to laminin is mediated both by the major class of integrins found on PMNs, called the CD11/CD18 family of receptors, and by a separate receptor that is antigenically related to the VLA class of integrins, in particular, the VLA-6. This is a novel observation since VLA receptors have not been previously described on PMNs. One goal of this project is to characterize the nature of this novel PMN laminin receptor and define its relationship to defined VLA receptors. The second goal is to characterize the external stimuli and subsequent cellular responses involved in the functional expression of the receptor, particularly after stimulation of PMNs with tumor necrosis factor (TNF) and chemoattractants. This is of particular interest since data presented here shows that exposure of PMNs to TNF activates this novel laminin receptor, and because others have reported that PMNs adherent to laminin undergo a massive respiratory burst in response to TNF while PMNs in suspension do not. The third goal is to determine the ability of this receptor to mediate or modulate the adherence-dependent function of directed PMN migration. Recruitment of circulating PMNs into areas of inflammation requires that PMNs must first adhere to the endothelium, or to exposed subendothelial matrix if the endothelium is retracted, and then migrate through endothelial cell junctions and subendothelial basement membrane. Considerable evidence exists that adherence of stimulated PMNs to vessel walls contributes to several syndromes of vascular injury, including Adult Respiratory Distress Syndrome and reperfusion following ischemia. Thus, PMN adhesion processes must be reversible and exquisitely regulated to allow efficient PMN extravasation with minimal vascular injury. Understanding the mechanisms by which laminin influences PMN adherence and the adherence-dependent phenomenon of migration might suggest strategies for decreasing PMN-mediated vascular injury and enhancing PMN influx into infectious foci.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
First Independent Research Support & Transition (FIRST) Awards (R29)
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Pathobiochemistry Study Section (PBC)
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University of Utah
Schools of Medicine
Salt Lake City
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Bohnsack, J F; Chang, J; Zhou, X et al. (1995) Mechanisms of beta 1 integrin-dependent adherence of granulocytic HL60 to fibronectin. J Leukoc Biol 57:592-9
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