This proposal extends for a period of five years an interdisciplinary doctoral program begun in 1992 that prepares scientists for innovative research careers in the Speech and Hearing Sciences. Training is intended to enhance markedly the leadership potential of Speech and Hearing researchers within both academia and industry. The basic premise of the program is that today's speech and hearing scientists must be fluent in a variety of physical, biological, clinical and cognitive science disciplines to achieve the multidisciplinary advances that drive innovation. The keystone of the program is a quantitative approach to understanding these four aspects of speech and hearing. The program draws upon the combined expertise of the faculties of Boston area institutions, including the Harvard Medical School and its teaching hospitals, MIT and Boston University. To date, over 140 students have entered the pre-doctoral training program, including some with independent support. These trainees have diverse undergraduate backgrounds in the physical, engineering, biological or cognitive sciences, including some with traditional speech and hearing backgrounds. Training combines coursework and research for the first 3 years after which it concentrates on thesis research, with the Ph.D. degree expected after 4 to 6 years. The coursework and research training combines a broad exposure to the many scientific disciplines relevant to speech and hearing together with a deep understanding of the student's chosen specialty. An intensive clinical exposure is the third major part of the didactic training program. Special attention is given to issues of integrity and responsible conduct of research. Virtually all of our 79 graduates are pursuing careers in health related research, and two- thirds have primary activities in the speech and hearing sciences. Many have faculty positions in basic science, engineering, and clinical departments and are successfully competing for research grants. Some are combining research careers with clinical practice in otology, audiology or speech-language pathology. Some are taking leadership roles in industries related to speech and hearing or in the broader biotechnology field where they are developing assistive devices and treatments for communication disorders. We will continue vigorous efforts to attract highly qualified students, especially from under-represented minorities.

Public Health Relevance

This innovative interdisciplinary doctoral program trains researchers in Speech and Hearing by combining broad exposure to relevant basic science and engineering disciplines, with rigorous expertise in at least one research area, and intense exposure to clinical practice. The program's graduates are taking on leadership roles in academia and industry where they work at the forefront of scientific discovery and develop novel assistive devices and remediation strategies for those affected by disorders of hearing, voice, speech, language and balance. Some are combining research careers with clinical practice in otology, audiology or speech- language pathology.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders (NIDCD)
Type
Institutional National Research Service Award (T32)
Project #
2T32DC000038-21
Application #
8267905
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZDC1-SRB-K (14))
Program Officer
Sklare, Dan
Project Start
1992-07-01
Project End
2017-06-30
Budget Start
2012-07-01
Budget End
2013-06-30
Support Year
21
Fiscal Year
2012
Total Cost
$859,914
Indirect Cost
$43,251
Name
Harvard University
Department
Otolaryngology
Type
Schools of Medicine
DUNS #
047006379
City
Boston
State
MA
Country
United States
Zip Code
02115
McPherson, Malinda J; McDermott, Josh H (2018) Diversity in pitch perception revealed by task dependence. Nat Hum Behav 2:52-66
Thompson, Lara A; Haburcakova, Csilla; Goodworth, Adam D et al. (2018) An Engineering Model to Test for Sensory Reweighting: Nonhuman Primates Serve as a Model for Human Postural Control and Vestibular Dysfunction. J Biomech Eng 140:
Yu, Xi; Raney, Talia; Perdue, Meaghan V et al. (2018) Emergence of the neural network underlying phonological processing from the prereading to the emergent reading stage: A longitudinal study. Hum Brain Mapp 39:2047-2063
Zuk, Jennifer; Iuzzini-Seigel, Jenya; Cabbage, Kathryn et al. (2018) Poor Speech Perception Is Not a Core Deficit of Childhood Apraxia of Speech: Preliminary Findings. J Speech Lang Hear Res 61:583-592
Buechel, Brian D; Hancock, Kenneth E; Chung, Yoojin et al. (2018) Improved Neural Coding of ITD with Bilateral Cochlear Implants by Introducing Short Inter-pulse Intervals. J Assoc Res Otolaryngol 19:681-702
Yung, Andrea R; Druckenbrod, Noah R; Cloutier, Jean-Fran├žois et al. (2018) Netrin-1 Confines Rhombic Lip-Derived Neurons to the CNS. Cell Rep 22:1666-1680
Shaheen, Luke A; Liberman, M Charles (2018) Cochlear Synaptopathy Changes Sound-Evoked Activity Without Changing Spontaneous Discharge in the Mouse Inferior Colliculus. Front Syst Neurosci 12:59
Francis, Nikolas A; Zhao, Wei; Guinan Jr, John J (2018) Auditory Attention Reduced Ear-Canal Noise in Humans by Reducing Subject Motion, Not by Medial Olivocochlear Efferent Inhibition: Implications for Measuring Otoacoustic Emissions During a Behavioral Task. Front Syst Neurosci 12:42
Sagers, Jessica E; Brown, Adam S; Vasilijic, Sasa et al. (2018) Computational repositioning and preclinical validation of mifepristone for human vestibular schwannoma. Sci Rep 8:5437
Woods, Kevin J P; McDermott, Josh H (2018) Schema learning for the cocktail party problem. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 115:E3313-E3322

Showing the most recent 10 out of 199 publications