It clearly emerges from NEI's 2012 strategic plan ?Vision Research: Needs, Gaps and Opportunities? that vision research embraces every discipline in the biological sciences, cognitive sciences, and clinical realms. Vision scientists are aware of the critical importance of interdisciplinary approaches in their research, and of the need for rapid translation of findings in basic research to clinical care. Accordingly, the next generation of vision scientists will need to develop their scientific skills within an environment that stresses cutting edge science, interdisciplinary cooperation, an understanding of the visual system, and exposure to clinical ophthalmology. The Interdisciplinary Visual Sciences (IVS) Training Program is focused on creating a training environment that will favor interactions and collaborations among vision scientists, that involves predoctoral students and postdoctoral fellows in interdisciplinary approaches to understanding the visual system and ocular diseases, and that provides thoughtful and targeted professional development activities to ensure trainees receive necessary career skills that enable them to be successful in long-term research careers. Although this T32 application focuses on training of basic scientists, our trainees will have frequent interactions with clinical ophthalmologists, attend lecturers in our didactic vision course entitled ?Biology of Vision?, and have close interactions with physician-scientists through course work, seminars, and data clubs. Our T32 training program draws graduate students from several shared graduate programs at the University of Pittsburgh and Carnegie Mellon University, which provide the structure and basic curriculum for trainees. The IVS T32 Program builds on this strong foundation by providing specialized training in vision research combined with professional development activities and frequent team mentoring. The IVS T32 Program also provides a structure for training of postdoctoral fellows in vision research that will coordinate with the significant support structure already in place at the University of Pittsburgh and Carnegie Mellon University. Finally, the IVS T32 Program provides mentor training for Preceptors, an emerging theme in biomedical science research as critical for the long-term retention and success of trainees in research careers. The IVS T32 program will strive to attract the brightest students and postdocs with the following overarching goals 1) to provide interdisciplinary, cutting-edge training in vision science research and its responsible and ethical conduct; 2) to provide thoughtful, career-specific professional development opportunities to increase their retention in the vision sciences, as well as more broadly in the biomedical workforce; and 3) to enhance interactions, collaborations and the overall quality of vision research among trainees and faculty at the University of Pittsburgh and Carnegie Mellon University

Public Health Relevance

Training graduate students and postdoctoral fellows in vision research provides the next generation of vision scientists who will study the visual system in health and disease. This IVS training program will encourage the involvement of young scientists in vision research by providing structure and support for the training of graduate students and postdoctoral fellows in the visual sciences.

Agency
National Institute of Health (NIH)
Institute
National Eye Institute (NEI)
Type
Institutional National Research Service Award (T32)
Project #
2T32EY017271-11
Application #
9704332
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZEY1)
Program Officer
Agarwal, Neeraj
Project Start
2008-05-01
Project End
2024-04-30
Budget Start
2019-05-01
Budget End
2020-04-30
Support Year
11
Fiscal Year
2019
Total Cost
Indirect Cost
Name
University of Pittsburgh
Department
Ophthalmology
Type
Schools of Medicine
DUNS #
004514360
City
Pittsburgh
State
PA
Country
United States
Zip Code
15213
Jan, Ning-Jiun; Brazile, Bryn L; Hu, Danielle et al. (2018) Crimp around the globe; patterns of collagen crimp across the corneoscleral shell. Exp Eye Res 172:159-170
Tran, Huong; Wallace, Jacob; Zhu, Ziyi et al. (2018) Seeing the Hidden Lamina: Effects of Exsanguination on the Optic Nerve Head. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 59:2564-2575
Murphy, Matthew C; Chan, Kevin C; Kim, Seong-Gi et al. (2018) Macroscale variation in resting-state neuronal activity and connectivity assessed by simultaneous calcium imaging, hemodynamic imaging and electrophysiology. Neuroimage 169:352-362
Brazile, Bryn L; Hua, Yi; Jan, Ning-Jiun et al. (2018) Thin Lamina Cribrosa Beams Have Different Collagen Microstructure Than Thick Beams. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 59:4653-4661
Hua, Yi; Voorhees, Andrew P; Sigal, Ian A (2018) Cerebrospinal Fluid Pressure: Revisiting Factors Influencing Optic Nerve Head Biomechanics. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 59:154-165
Voorhees, Andrew P; Jan, Ning-Jiun; Hua, Yi et al. (2018) Peripapillary sclera architecture revisited: A tangential fiber model and its biomechanical implications. Acta Biomater 79:113-122
Wang, Bo; Lucy, Katie A; Schuman, Joel S et al. (2018) Tortuous Pore Path Through the Glaucomatous Lamina Cribrosa. Sci Rep 8:7281
Stella, Nicholas A; Brothers, Kimberly M; Callaghan, Jake D et al. (2018) An IgaA/UmoB Family Protein from Serratia marcescens Regulates Motility, Capsular Polysaccharide Biosynthesis, and Secondary Metabolite Production. Appl Environ Microbiol 84:
Yang, Bin; Jan, Ning-Jiun; Brazile, Bryn et al. (2018) Polarized light microscopy for 3-dimensional mapping of collagen fiber architecture in ocular tissues. J Biophotonics 11:e201700356
Voorhees, Andrew P; Jan, Ning-Jiun; Austin, Morgan E et al. (2017) Lamina Cribrosa Pore Shape and Size as Predictors of Neural Tissue Mechanical Insult. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 58:5336-5346

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