The need for veterinarians trained as biomedical scientists has been well-documented. We request here funding to support four post-DVM fellows per year for three years of research training. Optimal research training exists when qualified and motivated trainees work in the laboratories of experienced, productive and well-funded scientist mentors. Such mentors impart the knowledge, work habits, communicative skills and research skills enabling trainees to succeed as independent scientists and contributors to multidisciplinary research teams. These scientists will be skilled both in the use of animal models and the application of cellular, immunologic, molecular, genomic or translational approaches to address questions of human health significance. Promising trainees identified through a summer fellowship program and multiple other strategies are encouraged to apply to this postdoctoral fellowship program. Diversity is sought through a multi-level outreach program. Trainees typically enroll in the Graduate School of Wake Forest University and pursue a PhD degree in one of the 7 biomedical tracks offered at Wake Forest School of Medicine. Trainees will choose a Mentor from among a group of well-funded and experienced scientists and educators and will be assigned an Associate Mentor with expertise relevant to the trainee's research project. Associate Mentors are faculty members without independent research funding and/or with limited training experience, but with funding as co- investigators. This co-mentoring approach will allow Associate Mentors to gain training experience in a team setting. There are 23 Mentors with independent research programs and funding, and an additional 7 Associate Mentors. Of the training faculty, 10 are DVMs (including 4 DVM/PhDs), 22 are PhDs, and 5 are MDs (including 3 MD/PhDs). In addition to mentored research and required coursework, all trainees will attend weekly research seminars and journal clubs. Training in the responsible conduct of research is integral and includes mentoring, didactic sessions, and group discussion. Structured evaluations of both the trainees and the program are conducted annually. There are 5 areas of research emphasis, based on interest in training and networks of collaboration among productive, funded investigative groups: 1) cardiovascular disease/diabetes, 2) cancer biology, 3) women's health and reproductive medicine 4) microbiology and immunology, and 5) regenerative medicine. Unique features of the research environment include access to the Wake Forest Primate Center;a world-class program in tissue engineering at The Wake Forest Institute of Regenerative Medicine;the Wake Forest Translational Science Institute;and our long-standing collaborative veterinary training programs in Indonesia. In the past decade 8 fellows have completed research training through this program, and all remain in academic or governmental biomedical research. Six sought PhDs;4 have been awarded, and 2 are anticipated in 2012. Three have obtained federal funding. Eighty-seven scientific publications have resulted from T32-supported projects in this time.

Public Health Relevance

This application seeks continued support for a long-standing mentored research training program for veterinarians. The program focuses on 1) cardiovascular disease/diabetes, 2) cancer biology, 3) women's health and reproductive medicine 4) microbiology and immunology, and 5) regenerative medicine. Training typically leads to a PhD degree and provides the ability to conduct independent, investigator-initiated research.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
Office of The Director, National Institutes of Health (OD)
Institutional National Research Service Award (T32)
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Special Emphasis Panel (ZTR1-CM-6 (01))
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Moro, Manuel H
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Wake Forest University Health Sciences
Schools of Medicine
United States
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Nagpal, Ravinder; Wang, Shaohua; Solberg Woods, Leah C et al. (2018) Comparative Microbiome Signatures and Short-Chain Fatty Acids in Mouse, Rat, Non-human Primate, and Human Feces. Front Microbiol 9:2897
Nagpal, Ravinder; Shively, Carol A; Appt, Susan A et al. (2018) Gut Microbiome Composition in Non-human Primates Consuming a Western or Mediterranean Diet. Front Nutr 5:28
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Andrews, Rachel N; Metheny-Barlow, Linda J; Peiffer, Ann M et al. (2017) Cerebrovascular Remodeling and Neuroinflammation is a Late Effect of Radiation-Induced Brain Injury in Non-Human Primates. Radiat Res 187:599-611
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Dewi, Fitriya N; Wood, Charles E; Willson, Cynthia J et al. (2016) Effects of Pubertal Exposure to Dietary Soy on Estrogen Receptor Activity in the Breast of Cynomolgus Macaques. Cancer Prev Res (Phila) 9:385-95

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