The objective of the current research is to reduce alcohol use and related negative health, social, and legal consequences in high-risk populations of college students. Interventions designed to counter peer and normative influences on alcohol use, in conjunction with expectancy challenge, risk-reduction, and motivational enhancement have shown evidence of efficacy of college populations. Less is known about the efficacy of different implementation strategies, including web- or self-help journal formats, group or individual administration, the impact of mandatory attendance on effectiveness, nor the efficacy of these interventions in comparison to existing commercially-available educational interventions which have been widely implemented on campuses. The current research is designed to address these gaps, in response to identified needs of high-risk groups and individuals on the partnered campus.
The specific aims of the application are: 1) Pilot test the efficacy of the Choices journal-based intervention in comparison to peer-delivered alcohol skills-training (ASTP) group and no-treatment controls, in reducing alcohol use and consequences of high-risk freshmen; 2) Pilot test the efficacy of the Alcohol EDU web-based educational intervention in comparison to web-delivered motivational feedback and assessment-only, in reducing alcohol use and consequences of high-risk freshmen; 3) Test the longer-term efficacy of interventions supported in the pilot study, with members of fraternities and sororities randomized to peer-delivered individual BASICS, or one or more alternative interventions supported by the pilot studies; 4) Test the effectiveness of peer-delivered BASICS compared to one or more comparison interventions identified in pilots 1 & 2 with students mandated to participate through campus sanctioning processes compared to volunteers; 5) Evaluate baseline drinking, family history of alcohol problems, self-determination, readiness to change, and resistance to intervention as moderators of intervention efficacy; and 6) Evaluate descriptive norms, injunctive norms, alcohol outcome expectancies, and readiness to change as mediators of intervention efficacy.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA)
Research Project--Cooperative Agreements (U01)
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Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZAA1-HH (20))
Program Officer
Hartman, Roger W
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University of Washington
Schools of Medicine
United States
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