Colorectal cancer will affect one in 20 individuals over the course of their lifetime. The ColoCare Study is a prospective cohort of men and women newly diagnosed with a first primary invasive colorectal cancer (stage I-IV) with repeat data and biospecimen collection beginning prior to surgery. The ColoCare Study was initiated at the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center with subsequent consortium sites at the Moffitt Cancer Center, the German Cancer Research Center, and Huntsman Cancer Institute with institutional pilot/start-up funding to support patient recruitment. The goal of this study is to uniformly collet comprehensive sets of data and biospecimens from over 4000 multiethnic colorectal cancer patients at multiple time points (prior to surgery and 3, 6, 12, 24, 36, 48 and 60 months post-surgery), including detailed treatment and risk factor data, fresh and fixed tumor and normal tissue, visceral adipose tissue, blood, stool, urine, saliva, and quantitative accelerometry data t assess physical activity. Each ColoCare Study site leverages existing infrastructure, including access to electronic medical records and NCI comprehensive/designated cancer center cores, while utilizing well-established protocols for recruitment, data collection, and biospecimen ascertainment that are consistently applied across all sites. Patients are followed up both actively and passively by study staff (in-person and through medical record reviews), as well as via linkages to cancer registry and vital status records. Currently, using pilot/institutional fund at four existing sites, we have recruited >1100 patients (n=1010 baseline bloods). With this infrastructure grant, we propose 1) to extend the ColoCare consortium to two new study centers that will enrich our numbers of underrepresented minority participants (University of Southern California, LA, and Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis) and 2) to continue and expand study procedures at all US sites, including energy balance assessments and molecular characterization of tumors. The support for expanded enrollment and continued follow-up of the ColoCare cohort will result in an estimated 4167 highly characterized enrollees. The repeat sampling of data and a diverse set of accompanying biospecimens at critical time points enables unprecedented epidemiologic and biomarker research that can inform clinical decision making and support evidence-based guidelines regarding lifestyle changes that impact outcomes. Additionally, we will establish an external advisory board and a community/participant advisory board to further guide infrastructure development and prioritize research use of this cohort. We will continue to participate in national and international consorti by contributing data and biospecimens. Support for this unique cohort of colorectal cancer patients will create a valuable resource for the broader research community. In-depth, repeated phenotyping within a single cohort will enable one-of-a-kind studies focused on the effects of health behaviors on prognosis, as well as the discovery of new biomarkers of clinically important outcomes.

Public Health Relevance

We propose to continue building and expanding the ColoCare Study, the only existing cohort of colorectal cancer patients for whom clinical data, information on health behaviors, and universal biospecimens have been systematically collected at repeat time points; ColoCare is uniquely suited for the discovery of new biomarkers of colorectal cancer treatment response and prognosis, as well as research that elucidates the influence of health behaviors on treatment efficacy and toxicity, quality-of-life, recurrence, and survival. We propose here to continue and augment collections at existing ColoCare sites, expand to two new sites that will focus on the recruitment of ethnic/racial minorities (over 4000 participants), and perform molecular characterization of tumor samples. This unique, multiethnic cohort will be an incredible resource for the broader research community, given its suitability for a wide-range of studies with potentially significant and near-term clinical impact.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Research Project--Cooperative Agreements (U01)
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Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZCA1-TCRB-Y (J2))
Program Officer
Elena, Joanne W
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University of Utah
Internal Medicine/Medicine
Schools of Medicine
Salt Lake City
United States
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