EXCEED THE SPACE PROVIDED- Urinary incontinence Is a commonproblem among women that causesdistress, diminished quality of life and dramatic limitations in daily functioning. Overweight womenare at significantly increased risk of urinary incontinence and over 65% of womenwith incontinence are overweight. Data from short-term, preliminary studies suggestthat weight reduction may significantly reduce incontinence episodes. Thus, weightless may present a promising new approach to urinary incontinence treatment,one likely to produce a cascadeof broader health improvements in addition to reductions in frequencyof urinary incontinence. Therefore, we propose to randomize 330 overweight and obese womenwith urinary incontinence (165 at each of two clinical centers) to a 6-month intensive behavioral weight control programor to usual care to determine the short-term effect of weight loss on frequency of incontinence and quality of life, to identify women most likely to benefit from weight loss and to beginto explore the urodynamicmechanisms underlying incontinence improvement following weight loss. To maximize enduring effects of weight loss on urinary incontinence, it will be necessary to produce sustained weight loss. However, weight maintenance remainsa challenge in the obesity field. Therefore, we propose to evaluate an innovative, theory-guided weight maintenance program that will focus on increasing motivation and commitment to behavior change efforts and comparethis with a more standard, skills-focused weight maintenance program.After completing the 6-month weight loss program, women in the weight loss arm will be randomizedto either a 12-month standard, skill-based maintenance programor to a motivationally-focused maintenance intervention. Outcomes will include weight loss, incontinence frequency and quality of life at 18 months. If effective in women with incontinence, the methods and strategies of this innovative motivationally-focused maintenance intervention can be examined in other obesepopulations. WIN- Weight Reduction for Incontinence Network- brings together a unique group of outstanding and experienced investigators with expertise in urinary incontinence, obesity treatment and multicenter collabora- tive clinical trials at three Institutions, The proposed study design will allow us to efficiently evaluate both a novel treatment for urinary incontinence and a promising approach to enhancement of weight maintenance, and therefore to make substantive contributions to severalclinical arenas critical to women's health.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK)
Research Project--Cooperative Agreements (U01)
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Special Emphasis Panel (ZDK1-GRB-C (J2))
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Kusek, John W
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University of California San Francisco
Public Health & Prev Medicine
Schools of Medicine
San Francisco
United States
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