Chemoenzymatic synthesis of bacterial polysaccharides Project Summary The bacterial cell surface is decorated with remarkable variations of polysaccharide structures including capsular polysaccharides (CPS), O-polysaccharides (O-PS), and exopolysaccharides (EPS). These polysaccharides mediate interactions between the bacterium and its host. Many are important virulence factors, adhesion mediators, or immunomodulators. Because their composition differs dramatically from that of host glycans, multiple bacterial polysaccharides have been used to develop vaccines to protect human from a diverse array of bacterial infectious diseases. To date, these polysaccharides have been commonly isolated from the bacterial cultures and therefore consist of heterogeneous mixtures. Structurally defined polysaccharides with defined numbers of repeating units are not readily available. With the combined expertise of three groups on efficient one-pot multienzyme chemoenzymatic synthesis of oligosaccharide repeating units, polymerization of lipooligosaccharide repeating units for the formation of Wzy-dependent bacterial polysaccharides and polysaccharide synthase-catalyzed production of bacterial polysaccharides, structurally defined polysaccharides with designated numbers of oligosaccharide repeating units will be synthesized. These compounds are valuable probes for glycan microarray studies and candidates for the development of diagnostics, immunomodulators, and vaccines. Optimal storage and reaction conditions will be identified. Enzymes and reagents will be assembled in convenient-to-store and easy-to-use kits. Protocols for synthesis and purification will be established and shared by publication of papers and on a designated website. These kits will allow non-specialists to carry out the synthesis.
Bacterial polysaccharides have broad applications in vaccine design, diagnosis, modulating the immune system, and probing carbohydrate-binding proteins. However, structurally defined bacterial polysaccharides are not readily available. We will develop effective chemoenzymatic approaches to access a diverse array of bacterial polysaccharides. Convenient-to-store and easy-to-use enzymes and reagent kits will be assembled. Protocols will be prepared and shared on a designated website and be included in the kits. These will allow non-specialists to carry out the synthesis. Cross validation will be performed by different individuals within a research group and between different research groups.
|Santra, Abhishek; Xiao, An; Yu, Hai et al. (2018) A Diazido Mannose Analogue as a Chemoenzymatic Synthon for Synthesizing Di-N-acetyllegionaminic Acid-Containing Glycosides. Angew Chem Int Ed Engl 57:2929-2933|