Rural African Americans are disproportionately exposed to numerous stressors such as poverty, racism, and discrimination that place them at risk for experiencing elevated levels of depressive symptoms. Elevated levels of depressive symptoms can lead to a host of negative outcomes including both the development of and poor management of chronic illnesses (i.e., hypertension, diabetes, etc.), poor social functioning, poor occupational functioning, and development of clinical depression. Though effective treatments for decreasing depressive symptoms exist, rural African Americans often fail to receive adequate and timely care. African American churches have been identified as potential venues for providing depression education and treatment for rural African Americans. Within the African American rural community, churches represent a key portal through which a large proportion (as much as 85%) of the African American community can be reached. Churches have been used to address physical health outcomes in those communities but few have focused primarily on addressing mental health outcomes. Through the NIMHD-funded project entitled, Faith Academic Initiatives to Transform Health (FAITH) in the Delta, our partnership, consisting of faith community leaders and UAMS researchers, culturally adapted an evidence-based behavioral activation intervention for use with rural African American churches. This 8- session behavioral activation therapy was adapted to include faith-based themes, Scripture, and other aspects of the rural African American faith culture (e.g., Bible studies, use of lay leaders o deliver the intervention). In addition to assessing the effectiveness of our intervention, ascertaining ways to implement this intervention with proper fidelity to maintain clinical outcomes is also critically important to increase the efficiency of translating research into practice. Work towards disseminating evidence-based depression interventions to real world settings is particularly salient in addressing depression disparities, whereby rural African Americans bear a disproportionate burden. Thus, this application proposes a Hybrid-2 pragmatic-effectiveness implementation trial that seeks to test the effectiveness of the culturally adapted evidence-based intervention and gather preliminary data on the strategies necessary to support successful implementation of this intervention in rural African American churches. Specifically, this study aims to: 1) Refine a culturally appropriate, evidence-based depression intervention (REJOICE) based on results from our NIMHD-funded pilot study, 2) Determine whether REJOICE is superior to a usual-care control group at post treatment and a 3-month follow-up, 3) Collect pilot data regarding real world implementation strategies (i.e. face to fac training and coaching calls) on the uptake and maintenance of REJOICE in rural African American churches.
Rural African Americans are disproportionately impacted by social stressors that place them at risk for experiencing elevated depressive symptoms. This project will test the effectiveness of a culturally adapted behavioral activation intervention (REJOICE) for use within rural African American churches. Further, this project will gather preliminary data on strategies necessary to promote the successful implementation of this intervention within rural African American churches.
|Haynes, Tiffany; Turner, Jerome; Smith, Johnny et al. (2018) Reducing depressive symptoms through behavioral activation in churches: A Hybrid-2 randomized effectiveness-implementation design. Contemp Clin Trials 64:22-29|