This application to the Global Network (GN) for Women's and Children's Research asks for the Global Network Research Unit of Aga Khan and Columbia Universities to be renewed for a third 5 year term. We believe that our track record, especially over the last 5 years, as documented in the full application, justifies an award for the next 5 years. The strengths of this application include a stable and highly productive team devoted to carrying out meaningful research to improve the health of women and children, large and varied populations for study, and an ongoing birth outcomes registry of 20 rural clusters of 500 deliveries per year each with excellent follow up. Pakistan, with a population of 180,000,000 people and some of the highest maternal, fetal and neonatal mortality rates anywhere in the world, provides every type of population that could be considered for GN studies. We have the largest number of rural clusters of any site in the GN with an active birth registry in each, and have also demonstrated access to a number of urban hospitals for deliveries and access to urban children for research purposes as well. To date we have recruited more than 220,000 subjects for GN studies. In the next 5 years, we plan to bring substantial external resources to the GN by building strong relationships between industry, foundations and the GN to do research meaningful to all three institutions. We will actively participate in the deliberations of the GN Steering Committee and continue to mentor more junior investigators at our site and other sites in the GN in research study design, and manuscript and grant preparation. One of our major goals is to improve facility performance in the care of mothers and infants. Our proposed common protocol alms to reduce facility fetal and neonatal mortality using a defined outcome related to facility care, e.g., the sum of intrapartum stillbirths and early (pre- discharg) neonatal deaths. Using a simple cellular telephone-based data collection system, rapid feedback on the defined outcome, and a quality assurance program aimed at reducing intrapartum related deaths;it is our hope to achieve a substantial improvement in facility-based pregnancy outcomes.

Public Health Relevance

This application is totally relevant to the mission of the Global Network. The major focus of our unit is to improve the health of pregnant women, their newborns, and children to age 3 in low and low middle income countries. We are committed to performing multicenter population-based interventional studies that provide important evidence leading to a reduction of maternal, perinatal and childhood mortality and morbidity.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health & Human Development (NICHD)
Cooperative Clinical Research--Cooperative Agreements (U10)
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Application #
Study Section
Special Emphasis Panel (ZHD1)
Program Officer
Koso-Thomas, Marion
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Columbia University (N.Y.)
Obstetrics & Gynecology
Schools of Medicine
New York
United States
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Short, Vanessa L; Geller, Stacie E; Moore, Janet L et al. (2018) The Relationship between Body Mass Index in Pregnancy and Adverse Maternal, Perinatal, and Neonatal Outcomes in Rural India and Pakistan. Am J Perinatol 35:844-851
McClure, Elizabeth M; Saleem, Sarah; Goudar, Shivaprasad S et al. (2018) The project to understand and research preterm pregnancy outcomes and stillbirths in South Asia (PURPOSe): a protocol of a prospective, cohort study of causes of mortality among preterm births and stillbirths. Reprod Health 15:89
Goldenberg, Robert L; McClure, Elizabeth M; Belizán, José M (2018) Translating research evidence into practice: a report from the 2nd International Conference on Maternal and Newborn Health from KLE University - Belagavi, India. Reprod Health 15:99
Feroz, Anam; Ibrahim, Mohsina Noor; Tikmani, Shiyam Sunder et al. (2018) Perceptions of parents and healthcare professionals regarding minimal invasive tissue sampling to identify the cause of death in stillbirths and neonates: a qualitative study protocol. Reprod Health 15:179
Dhaded, Sangappa M; Somannavar, Manjunath S; Jacob, Jane P et al. (2018) Early pregnancy loss in Belagavi, Karnataka, India 2014-2017: a prospective population-based observational study in a low-resource setting. Reprod Health 15:95
Goldenberg, Robert L; McClure, Elizabeth M; Saleem, Sarah (2018) Improving pregnancy outcomes in low- and middle-income countries. Reprod Health 15:88
Belizán, José M; Minckas, Nicole; McClure, Elizabeth M et al. (2018) An approach to identify a minimum and rational proportion of caesarean sections in resource-poor settings: a global network study. Lancet Glob Health 6:e894-e901
Tikmani, Shiyam Sunder; Saleem, Sarah; McClure, Elizabeth et al. (2018) Monitoring of birth registry coverage and data quality utilizing lot quality assurance sampling methodology: A pilot study. J Family Med Prim Care 7:522-525
Pasha, O; McClure, E M; Saleem, S et al. (2018) A prospective cause of death classification system for maternal deaths in low and middle-income countries: results from the Global Network Maternal Newborn Health Registry. BJOG 125:1137-1143
McClure, E M; Garces, A; Saleem, S et al. (2018) Global Network for Women's and Children's Health Research: probable causes of stillbirth in low- and middle-income countries using a prospectively defined classification system. BJOG 125:131-138

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