The NIMH Collaborative HIV/STD Prevention Trial is a two-arm randomized, community-level trial being conducted in five countries -- China, India, Peru, Russia, and Zimbabwe. It is the first international test of a community-level prevention program based on the theory of diffusion of innovations utilizing Community Public Opinion Leaders (C-POLs). Based on a set of ethnographic studies conducted over 18 months and a series of epidemiological studies with over 9000 participants in the five countries, an assessment and the C-POL intervention have been culturally adapted, piloted and mounted in randomly chosen venues in each country. The intervention's efficacy in reducing self-reported behavioral risk with non-spousal partners and incident sexually transmitted diseases is being assessed based on a baseline, 2- and 24- month interviews and collection of biological specimens. After conducting the 24 month assessment, the intervention will be provided in the comparison venues. This proposal requests three years of funding to complete the randomized controlled trial in each site; the extended period is requested because of the extra time required at the initiation of the study to conduct multiple epidemiological and ethnographic studies to ensure cross-site comparability and within site validity to all assessments, intervention, and data collection and reporting processes. The results of this trial should provide the first documentation and evaluation of the portability and adaptability of interventions cross-nationally and cross-culturally and is being designed and implemented to be realistic and feasible for replication and dissemination. The AIDS epidemic in Zimbabwe is a generalized epidemic with one in four individuals infected. In spite of HIV prevention efforts carried out consistently over the last ten years, the epidemic has not leveled off (UNAIDS, 2003). Most governmental and NGO prevention efforts have been focused on increasing knowledge. A community level approach, to create normative changes using the C-POL model has not been tried in this country with a generalized epidemic. This trial allows the first test of a community level intervention to encourage behavior change in Zimbabwe. If s If successful, the intervention will be disseminated widely in Zimbabwe. ? ?
|Goodreau, Steven M; Cassels, Susan; Kasprzyk, Danuta et al. (2012) Concurrent partnerships, acute infection and HIV epidemic dynamics among young adults in Zimbabwe. AIDS Behav 16:312-22|
|NIMH Collaborative HIV/STD Prevention Trial Group (2010) Results of the NIMH collaborative HIV/sexually transmitted disease prevention trial of a community popular opinion leader intervention. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 54:204-14|