The Autoimmunity Center of Excellence based at Weill Cornell Medicine (WCM) in New York, NY aims at 1) advancing the knowledge of pathways and mechanisms that contribute to the development and amplification of Human Systemic Autoimmune Diseases (SADs); 2) developing tools and identifying biomarkers to monitor these dysfunctional pathways. Ultimately, we aim to be able to stratify patients towards personalized approaches to treatment. The Center will employ ex vivo and in vitro high throughput technologies and immune profiling to gain insight into the contribution to disease of two major and complementary compartments contributing to systemic disease: Immune Cells and Extra-Cellular Nanoparticles. The appropriate infrastructure is in place to support patient- based studies. In particular, we emphasize the following key conceptual and technological innovations adding to our strengths, that include an established pediatric SLE cohort followed by experienced clinicians with an exceptional record of participation in translational research While the initial focus will be the study of children with Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE), extrapolation of the Center findings to adult SLE as well as other SAD scenarios will be pursued, particularly in the context of the ACE Collaborative efforts. The Drukier Institute for Children?s Health Research at Weill Cornell Medicine has gathered a multidisciplinary team of pediatric basic and patient-oriented investigators with expertise in immunology, autoimmunity, cancer biology, molecular biology, bioinformatics and software engineers, who work together with clinical experts in autoimmunity, cancer, allergy and infectious diseases?from bed-to-bench and bench-to-bed?to understand and treat these diseases. The Institute has also established strong local, national and international collaborations. Dr. Pascual?s team has a long history of productive research in the fields of human autoinflammatory and autoimmune diseases. Dr. Lyden?s group has pioneered the study of exosomes and exomeres, and how these particles horizontally transfer their cargo to recipient cells, thereby acting as vehicles of intercellular communication in both physiological and pathological conditions. The proposed Center is a natural result of the very complementary expertise of these groups and is well-poised to work collaboratively to advance clinical and basic discoveries in the field of human autoimmunity. .

Public Health Relevance

A major problem in the field of human autoimmunity is the diversity of clinical manifestations and pathways leading to disease. The ACE at Weill Cornell Medicine aims at 1) better understanding pathways and mechanisms that contribute to the development and amplification of Human Systemic Autoimmune Diseases, 2) developing tools and identifying biomarkers to monitor these pathways in patients. The proposed Center will employ state-of-the-art technologies to gain insight into how two major and complementary compartments contribute to systemic disease: Immune cells and extra-cellular Nanoparticles that can modulate the function of cells that uptake them. These approaches and expertise can be shared with colleagues across all basic and clinical ACE Programs.

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Research Program--Cooperative Agreements (U19)
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Special Emphasis Panel (ZAI1)
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Johnson, David R
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Weill Medical College of Cornell University
Schools of Medicine
New York
United States
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