? MAE-WEST SCORE Overall Women age differently than men across the lifespan, culminating in a female predominance in morbid chronic diseases such as heart failure with preserved ejection fraction, Alzheimer?s disease and related dementias, and chronic kidney disease. Women also tend to develop multi-organ syndromes (heart-brain, heart-kidney) more frequently than men. The mechanisms underlying sex-specific differences in multi-organ dysfunction remain poorly understood. Prior work indicates that women exhibit accelerated microvascular aging, a process implicated in disorders of the heart, brain, and kidney. In this context, systemic inflammation has emerged as a primary driver of both microvascular dysfunction and the development of these chronic disease states. Preliminary data from our group indicates that eicosanoids, a diverse group of bioactive lipids that serve as the upstream mediators of systemic inflammation, can influence endothelial cell function, exhibit sexual dimorphism in circulating plasma, and are related to certain vascular phenotypes. Given these findings, we hypothesize that sexual dimorphism in both local and systemic eicosanoid variation contributes to sex differences in microvascular dysfunction and, in turn, to sex differences in age-related multi-organ disease. Motivated by our early findings and the critical need to understand the determinants and drivers of sex differences in age-related disease outcomes, we propose to create the Microvascular Aging and Eicosanoids ?Women?s Evaluation of Systemic aging Tenacity (MAE-WEST) Specialized Center of Research Excellence (SCORE) on Sex Differences. Leveraging our collective expertise, we plan to advance the understanding of sex-specific molecular drivers of chronic microvascular and end-organ disease through 3 foundational projects. In Project 1, we will examine longitudinal variation in circulating eicosanoid levels in relation to age-related alterations in microvascular function in end-organ (cardiovascular, neurocognitive, renal) disease traits in 2 large community cohorts. In Project 2, we will prospectively enroll and deeply phenotype a cohort of women and men to assess the relation of eicosanoids with organ-specific as well as global burden of microvascular disease, as well as their response to a trial of intensive medical therapy with FDA-approved agents (statins and ACEi/ARB). Finally, in Project 3, we will study the mechanistic role of sex-specific eicosanoid signaling on human endothelial cell function and on microvascular function in experimental models of organ-specific disease as well as whole organism aging. As an integral part of this SCORE, we will establish a Career Enhancement Center that will provide robust training and mentorship for trainees and junior investigators. Collectively, this highly collaborative and innovative SCORE aims to transform our understanding of sex differences in microvascular and chronic multi-organ diseases and, in turn, enable effective interventions through inter-disciplinary science, education, and advocacy. !

Public Health Relevance

? MAE-WEST SCORE Overall Women compared to men experience an excess of burden of age-related diseases of the heart, brain, and kidney for reasons that remain unclear. Growing evidence points to the potential importance of chronic inflammation and small blood vessel dysfunction as key determinants of the sex differences seen in age-related disease outcomes. Therefore, we will establish a Specialized Center of Research Excellence focused on comprehensively investigating sex differences in the molecular drivers of chronic inflammation, microvascular aging, and end-organ disease. !

National Institute of Health (NIH)
National Institute on Aging (NIA)
Specialized Center--Cooperative Agreements (U54)
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Special Emphasis Panel (ZRG1)
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Eldadah, Basil A
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Cedars-Sinai Medical Center
Los Angeles
United States
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